Learn More
INTRODUCTION A subgroup of voltage gated sodium channels including Nav1.8 are exclusively expressed on small diameter primary afferent neurons and are therefore believed to be integral to the neurotransmission of nociceptive pain. The present study examined whether local application of A-803467, a selective blocker of the Nav 1.8 sodium channel, can reduce(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether local administration of the cannabinoid 1 (CB(1)) receptor agonist arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide (ACEA) can modulate joint nociception in control rat knee joints and in experimental osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS OA was induced in male Wistar rats by intraarticular injection of 3 mg of sodium mono-iodoacetate, with a recovery(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study examined whether local administration of the neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) could modulate joint nociception in normal rat knee joints and if the VIP antagonist VIP(6-28) could ameliorate joint mechanosensitivity in an animal model of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS OA was induced in male Wistar rats by(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by joint pain for which there is currently no effective treatment. Previous studies have found that intra-articular injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) caused a dose-dependent destruction of rat knees with concomitant increased pain. In this study, varying degrees of OA were induced by(More)
We recently demonstrated the utility of quantifying spontaneous pain in mice via the blinded coding of facial expressions. As the majority of preclinical pain research is in fact performed in the laboratory rat, we attempted to modify the scale for use in this species. We present herein the Rat Grimace Scale, and show its reliability, accuracy, and ability(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating and painful disease, the incidence of which increases with advancing age. One of the confounding aspects of OA is that there is a disconnect between the severity of joint degeneration and the intensity of pain reported. This study examined the relationship between age, joint nociception, and joint pathology in an animal(More)
This paper explores the origins of two clinical phenomena which are frequently related in analytic practice, namely sexual deviancy and inhibition in creative or intellectual work. The analysands in question seek psychoanalytic help not for their sexual acts and object-choices but because of blockage in their professional activities. In the author's opinion(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP-38) and its receptors have been shown in the spinal dorsal horn, on capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons and inflammatory cells. The role of PACAP in central pain transmission is controversial, and no data are available on its function in peripheral nociception. Therefore, the aim of the present(More)
The G-protein-linked receptor, proteinase-activated receptor-4 (PAR(4)) is activated by proteinases released into the joint during inflammation. It is unclear whether PAR(4) has a pro- or anti-nociceptive effect and whether it directly affects nerve activity. In this study, we examined the expression of PAR(4) in joints and dorsal root ganglion (DRG)(More)