J. Matthew Miller

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Ovine scrapie is a member of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), a heterogeneous family of fatal neurologic disorders characterized by deposition of an abnormal isoform (prion protein [PrP] PrP-Sc) of a cellular sialoglycoprotein in neural tissue. PrP-Sc is detectable in some lymphoid tissues of infected sheep months or years before(More)
For patients with profound hearing loss, cochlear implants have become the treatment of choice. These devices provide auditory information through direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. Prosthesis function depends on survival and electrical excitability of the cochlear neurons. Degeneration of the auditory nerve occurs after lesions of its(More)
Bacteriophage typing (BT) (World Health Organization method) has been used at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for over 30 years to type isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Since studies have shown that BT patterns have poor reproducibility and because BT fails to type a high percentage (15 to 20%) of isolates, the Centers for Disease Control(More)
The response to repetitive stimulation of single cells in the auditory cortex of the monkey is dependent upon behavioral performance and training of the subject in a simple auditory discrimination task. In the trained, performing animal, single cells are more responsive than in the animal that is trained but not performing in the task. In the naive monkey,(More)
This study investigates the correlation between the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and auditory damage in noise-induced hearing loss. The noise exposure (4-kHz octave band, 115 dB SPL, 5 h) created permanent threshold shifts at frequencies from 2 to 20 kHz. The lipid peroxidation product, 8-isoprostane, was determined biochemically and(More)
Time lapse video recordings of cultured adult human and guinea pig spiral ganglion (hSG and gpSG) show that mitogen responsive progenitor/stem cells develop in the form of spheres that proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons and glia cells. Neurospheres, cultured with EGF and bFGF showed expression of nestin and incorporation of(More)
Videokeratoscopic data are generally displayed as a color-coded map of corneal refractive power, corneal curvature, or surface height. Although the merits of the refractive power and curvature methods have been extensively debated, the display of corneal surface height demands further investigation. A significant drawback to viewing corneal surface height(More)
Reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species (ROS, RNS) formed in the inner ear in response to high-intensity noise are thought to play an important role in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). ROS appear rapidly and transiently in the inner ear during and following noise exposure, while hair cell loss progresses over time stabilizing two or more weeks after(More)
The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are a heterogeneous group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders occurring in humans, mink, cats, and ruminant herbivores. The occurrence of novel transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in cattle in the United Kingdom and Europe and in mule deer and elk in parts of the United States has emphasized the need for(More)
This study was undertaken to examine the effects of chronic high-rate stimulation on the eighth nerve and cochlea. Fifty-four male pigmented guinea pigs were deafened and implanted with single ball electrodes in scala tympani. Four groups of animals received chronic electrical stimulation at a level of 5 microCol/cm2/ph for 1000 h as follows: Group A: 1000(More)