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Clostridium difficile is a major nosocomial pathogen of present times. The analysis of 624 C. difficile strains from 11 hospitals in the Czech Republic in 2013 revealed that 40 % of isolates belonged to ribotype 176. These results suggest that the incidence of CDI (C. difficile infection) in the Czech Republic has increased probably in connection with C.(More)
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. Given an increasing CDI incidence and global spread of epidemic ribotypes, a 1-year study was performed to analyse the molecular characteristics of C. difficile isolates and associated clinical outcomes from patients diagnosed with CDI in the Internal Medicine(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) and to characterise the isolates in 14 departments of ten academic hospitals in Slovakia. During a one-month study (September 2012) all unformed stool samples were investigated using a rapid test to detect the presence of GDH and toxins A/B. Positive samples(More)
Extra-intestinal infections caused by Clostridium difficile are rare. The risk of extra-intestinal infections associated with C. difficile may be particularly relevant in environments contaminated with C. difficile spores. This paper describes the case of a non-diarrheic patient colonized with C. difficile ribotype 014 in the intestinal tract who developed(More)
Propolis is a resinous product collected by honeybees from various plant sources; it is widely used in traditional medicine and has been reported to have a broad spectrum of pharmacological effects (i.e., antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects). The most commonly used propolis formulations are gargles, in which propolis tinctures(More)
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