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Adult hippocampal neurogenesis has been linked to learning but details of the relationship between neuronal production and memory formation remain unknown. Using low dose irradiation to inhibit adult hippocampal neurogenesis we show that new neurons aged 4-28 days old at the time of training are required for long-term memory in a spatial version of the(More)
Ongoing neurogenesis in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) generates a substantial population of young neurons. This phenomenon is present in all species examined thus far, including humans. Although the regulation of adult neurogenesis by various physiologically relevant factors such as learning and stress has been documented, the functional(More)
Postnatal neurogenesis contributes substantially to the neuronal population of the adult dentate gyrus. We report here that the neurons located in the deep aspects of the granule cell layer, near the proliferative zone, have different properties from those located in the superficial layers. The former group of neurons, tentatively designated as young, can(More)
Class I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been postulated to play a role in synaptic plasticity. To test the involvement of one member of this class, we have recently generated mutant mice that express no mGluR5 but normal levels of other glutamate receptors. The CNS revealed normal development of gross anatomical features. To examine synaptic(More)
Quantal content of transmission was estimated for three synaptic systems (crayfish and Drosophila neuromuscular junctions, and rat dentate gyrus neurons) with three different methods of measurement: direct counts of released quanta, amplitude measurements of evoked and spontaneous events, and charge measurements of evoked and spontaneous events. At the(More)
Adult animals continue to produce new neurons in the dentate gyrus of hippocampus. Until now, the principal method of studying neurogenesis has been to inject either tritiated thymidine or 5'-Bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) intraperitoneally followed by autoradiographic or immunohistochemical detection methods respectively. However, such exogenous markers may(More)
Hippocampal neurogenesis declines steadily over the first year of life in the rodent, but the process persists into senescence despite a dramatic drop in the number of neurons it produces. At this point though, the survival and development patterns exhibited by new granule cells in the aging brain remain unclear in relation to patterns observed in the(More)
The mechanisms underlying the differential expression of long-term potentiation (LTP) by AMPA and NMDA receptors, are unknown, but could involve G-protein-linked metabotropic glutamate receptors. To investigate this hypothesis we created mutant mice that expressed no metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), but showed normal development. In an earlier(More)
Synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction of the excitatory axon supplying the crayfish opener muscle was examined before and after induction of long-term facilitation (LTF) by a 10-min period of stimulation at 20 Hz. Induction of LTF led to a period of enhanced synaptic transmission, which often persisted for many hours. The enhancement was(More)
Crustacean motor axons provide a model in which activity-dependent changes in synaptic physiology and synaptic structure can be concurrently observed in single identifiable neurons. In response to a train of stimulation, crustacean neuromuscular junctions undergo pronounced facilitation of transmitter release. The effects of maintained high-frequency(More)