J. Markowitz Arnold

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Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common solid pediatric tumor. IMR-32 cells are a highly malignant human NB cell line with uncontrolled proliferation but with the potential to be differentiated under specific conditions. Preliminary research indicated that connexin 43 (Cx43), the most widespread of the Cx family, is aberrantly located in IMR-32 cells, which(More)
Adenoviral-mediated transfer of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) to the retina rescued retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from axotomy-induced apoptosis, presumably via activation of the high affinity CNTF receptor alpha (CNTFRalpha) expressed on RGCs. CNTF can also activate astrocytes, via its low affinity leukemia inhibitory receptor beta expressed on mature(More)
In the post-gastrulation embryo of the Atlantic squid, Loligo pealei, the cells of the developing blastoderm are joined to each other by intercellular bridges which may provide a means of cytoplasmic communication between the cells. This paper describes an electron microscope survey of bridges in the developing blastoderm just prior to, and during, the(More)
Oogenesis has been investigated utilizing both light and electron microscopical techniques in the squid, Loligo pealei. This complex process has been divided into five stages according to the structure of the follicle. Because of the highly coordinated differentiation of the follicle cells (and follicular syncytium) and the oocyte, their development is(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominantly inherited colorectal cancer syndrome attributable to mutations in one of several DNA mismatch repair genes, most commonly MLH1 and MSH2. In certain populations, founder mutations account for a substantial portion of HNPCC. In this report we summarize the literature and our personal(More)
Incomplete cytokinesis followed by the disappearance of the midbody and spindle remnant results in intercellular bridges between the cells of the blastoderm of the squid embryo. An electron microscope study of the morphology of the stages of development of the intercellular bridge is presented. Cytokinesis ceased as the furrow base reached a diameter(More)