J Mario Wolosin

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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine cell-to-cell metabolite transfer and connexin distribution in the rabbit corneal epithelium, in the stationary state, and during wound healing. METHODS Rabbit corneas were wounded with a surgical tool, producing a 3-mm-wide elongated debridement. Corneas were allowed to heal in vivo for up to 45 hours.(More)
PURPOSE In the epidermis, the highest clonogenicity, a feature of stem cells (SCs), is found in the smallest keratinocyte. In the limbal-corneal (LC) epithelium the SCs are exclusively localized in the basal epithelial layer of the limbal domain. The current study was conducted to determine whether this spatial SC arrangement is reflected in differences in(More)
Phenotypic features and developmental events involved in the genesis of the limbo-corneal and conjunctival epithelia are described. Together, these two epithelia define the ocular surface. They derive from a small cohort of optic vesicle-induced PAX6+ head ectodermal cells that remain on the surface following lens vesicle formation by the main PAX6+ cell(More)
PURPOSE To determine global mRNA expression levels in corneal and conjunctival epithelia and identify transcripts that exhibit preferential tissue expression. METHODS cDNA samples derived from human conjunctival and corneal epithelia were hybridized in three independent experiments to a commercial oligonucleotide array representing more than 22,000(More)
Injuring mouse corneas with alkali causes myofibroblast expression leading to tissue opacification. However, in transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 channel (TRPV1-/-) knockout mice healing results in transparency restoration. Since TGFβ is the primary inducer of the myofibroblast phenotype, we examined the mechanism by which TRPV1 affects TGFβ-induced(More)
Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were used to study the expression of gap junction proteins (connexins; Cx) in the rat and rabbit retina. RT-PCR of rabbit total retinal RNA using primers selected for the human Cx50 (alpha 8 Cx) DNA template yielded cDNA fragments of the predicted base pair(More)
PURPOSE To define the molecular signature of limbal SP cells and identify signaling pathways associated with the phenotype of these putative stem cells. METHODS Primary cultures of pig limbal epithelial cells stained with Hoechst 33342 were sorted by flow cytometry into SP and non-SP cells, and purified RNA was processed for microarray analysis with an(More)
Rabbit ciliary body and cornea were mounted in Ussing-type chambers in Tyrode's under voltage clamp and the effects of heptanol, a gap junction inhibitor, on the short circuit current generated by each of the respective epithelia were determined. Studies were carried out either in control conditions or following amphotericin B permeabilization of either the(More)
PURPOSE The initial differentiation event for the corneal epithelial cell lineage occurs as the limbally localized stem cells yield, through mitosis, the highly proliferative, transiently amplifying corneal peripheral cells. This differentiation is characterized by the expression of tissue-specific cytokeratins, as well as the loss of alpha-enolase and(More)