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MicroRNAs have essential functional roles in brain development and neuronal specification but their roles in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is unknown. Using a sensitive qRT-PCR platform we identified regional and stage-specific deregulation of miRNA expression in AD patient brains. We used experimental validation in addition to(More)
The biochemical and morphological differentiation of actinomycetes makes them academically and economically interesting. Their secondary metabolites provide the majority of medically and agriculturally important antibiotics (streptomycete genes may also be the primary source of clinically important antibiotic resistance); their complex morphological(More)
A DNA fragment containing the coding and regulatory sequences of the erythromycin (Er) resistance (ermE) gene of the Er produces Streptomyces erythraeus was cloned in Streptomyces lividans using the plasmid vector pIJ61. The approximate location and orientation of ermE were deduced from studies of its expression after subcloning in Escherichia coli.(More)
Restriction endonuclease cleavage maps of five DNA fragments carrying genes for neomycin phosphotransferase and neomycin acetyltransferase (from Streptomyces fradiae), viomycin phosphotransferase (from S. vinaceus), and ribosomal methylases determining resistance to thiostrepton (from S. azureus) and MLS antibiotics (from S. erythreus) are described,(More)
A cyclophilin-D affinity matrix was employed to isolate components of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. A cDNA encoding cyclophilin-D was cloned from a rat liver library and ligated into pGEX to allow expression of a glutathione S-transferase/cyclophilin-D fusion protein in Escherichia coli XL1 cells. The cyclophilin-D in the fusion was(More)
This chapter reviews recent advances in the identification of the structural elements of the permeability transition pore. The discovery that cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits the pore proved instrumental. Various approaches indicate that CsA blocks the pore by binding to cyclophilin (CyP)-D. In particular, covalent labelling of CyP-D in situ by a photoactive(More)
Transcriptional analysis of the ermE gene of Saccharopolyspora erythraea, which confers resistance to erythromycin by N6-dimethylation of 23S rRNA and which is expressed from two promoters, ermEp1 and ermEp2, revealed a complex regulatory region in which transcription is initiated in a divergent and overlapping manner. Two promoters (eryC1p1 and eryC1p2)(More)
The coding and regulatory sequences of the agarase gene of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) were cloned in Streptomyces lividans 66 on the plasmid vector pIJ61, resulting in a several hundred-fold increase in the production of the secreted protein. Subcloning experiments localized the sequences required for agarase production and for the mediation of carbon(More)
BACKGROUND Parrots belong to a group of behaviorally advanced vertebrates and have an advanced ability of vocal learning relative to other vocal-learning birds. They can imitate human speech, synchronize their body movements to a rhythmic beat, and understand complex concepts of referential meaning to sounds. However, little is known about the genetics of(More)