J-M Villette

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of an intense physical training program on abdominal fat distribution, glycemic control, and insulin sensitivity in patients with NIDDM and to determine whether branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplements influence these effects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-four patients (ages 45 +/- 2 [mean +/- SE] years, BMI(More)
Normal (PNT2-C2) and metastatic (PC-3) prostate cell lines were grown in Matrigel to observe the effects on morphology and phenotype in comparison to monolayer culture. In monolayer cultures, PNT2-C2 showed typical round/cuboidal epithelial morphology, with tight cell associations, whereas in Matrigel they formed smooth spheroids, tightly packed with cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Dog prostate cancer is usually considered to be highly relevant to human prostate cancer. We report the isolation of a new canine prostate cancer epithelial cell line designated DPC-1. METHODS Primary cultures were established from a canine poorly differentiated prostatic adenocarcinoma. Population doubling time was determined by counting(More)
Plasma 21-deoxycortisol (21-DOF) and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) concentrations were assayed before (basal) and 1 h after ACTH stimulation in 4 groups of normal subjects (35 follicular phase women, 22 luteal phase women, 33 adult men, and 15 prepubertal children) and in a group of 31 patients with the late-onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia(More)
Simultaneous determination of progesterone, androst-4-enedione, pregnenolone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and 17-hydroxyprogesterone has been developed for human cerebral tissue. Before immunoassay, steroids were separated on a Celite column with propylene glycol as stationary phase with hexane containing increasing proportions of dichloromethane as(More)
We investigated the effects of thiorphan, a selective inhibitor of endopeptidase 24.11 'enkephalinase', kelatorphan ((R)-3-(N-hydroxy-carboxamido-2-benzylpropanoyl)-L-alanine), and RB 38 A ((R)-3-(N-hydroxycarboxamido-2-benzylpropanoyl)-L-phenylalanine) two almost complete inhibitors of enkephalin metabolism, on the naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal(More)
Alterations in the circadian time structure of the secretion of several hormones were investigated in 13 male patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Seven were asymptomatic (classified CDC II, according to the criteria of the Atlanta Centers for Disease Control), and 6 had acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (CDC IV). Ten healthy males(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that endothelin 1 (ET-1) is implicated in prostate tumour progression. However, data on ET-1 regulation in human prostate and prostate cancer cell lines are lacking. In this study, regulation of ET-1 and its precursor big ET-1, using PC3 cells, a human bone metastatic prostatic carcinoma cell line, was addressed. ET-1 and big(More)
Cells obtained from 6 adult human adrenals or adrenal fragments were cultured in serum-free synthetic medium (McCoy's) in order to study the isolated effects of IGF-I on steroidogenesis and its interactions with ACTH. After addition of peptide, changes in the activities of steroidogenic enzymes were assessed by measuring certain steroids in the spent(More)
The bulk of experimental evidence indicates that the APUD series of cells is a distinct system based upon common pathophysiological features. The diffuse nature of this system with elements in the central and peripheral nervous system suggests a more complex interaction of the body's homeostasis than has been established. It is probable that as(More)