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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a preferential loss of the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta. Although the etiology of PD is unknown, major biochemical processes such as oxidative stress and mitochondrial inhibition are largely described. However, despite these findings, the actual(More)
p53, Bax and Bcl-xL proteins have been implicated in apoptotic neuronal cell death. We have investigated whether those proteins are involved in 6-OHDA-induced PC12 cell death. After a 24-h exposure to the neurotoxin (100 microM), morphological evidence for apoptosis was observed in PC12 cells. Up-regulation of p53 and Bax proteins was demonstrated 4 and 6(More)
The expression of dopamine D2 receptor mRNA in cultured rat striatal and cerebellar astrocytes was examined by in situ hybridization (ISH) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Cells double-labelled for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immuno-histochemistry and dopamine D2 receptor mRNA (ISH) provide evidence that striatal but not cerebellar astrocytes(More)
The herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene (HSV-tk) was stably transfected into rat C6 glioma cells (C6tk) in order to characterize the mechanisms underlying cell toxicity induced in vitro by the guanosine analog ganciclovir (GCV). The results demonstrate the efficiency of the HSV-tk/GCV system in ablating most of the tumoral cells within 7 to 8 days of(More)
The neuritic growth patterns obtained on substrates made of several glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) bound to type I collagen were analysed and compared in primary cultures of chick embryo dorsal root ganglion grown in serum-free supplemented medium. In 2-day cultures grown on type I collagen or heparan sulphate (HS)-collagen surfaces, ganglionic explants exhibit(More)
In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis or dermis co-cultures, nerve fibres establish contacts with dermis while avoiding epidermis. Previous results have indicated that factor(s) secreted by epidermis could be involved in this avoidance reaction. The present study demonstrates that the avoidance reaction is abolished when epidermal cells(More)
In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis cocultures, nerve fibers avoid the epidermis. Previous studies have indicated that glycoproteic factors, secreted by epidermis, could be involved in this phenomenon. Treatment of epidermis by beta-D-xyloside, a specific proteoglycan synthesis inhibitor, abolishes the avoidance reaction. The same result(More)
The influence of dermal and epidermal cells on the growth of nerve fibres from chick embryo sensory neurons was investigated in vitro. A previous quantitative analysis showed that the growth of nerve fibres is profoundly modified in the close vicinity of epidermis. This change is mainly characterized by erratic trajectories of nerve fibres resulting from(More)
The mechanisms of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) cytotoxicity were studied in vitro using the PC12 cell line. Following a 24 h exposure, this neurotoxin induced apoptosis and a dose-dependent decrease in cell survival. The presence of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tranylcypromine and clorgyline, together with 6-OHDA had neither synergistic nor protective(More)
 The effects of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 1-α (IL-1-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) on the growth of the Toxoplasma gondii RH strain were studied in vitro using a human astrocytoma-derived cell line. Cells were treated with cytokines at different concentrations at 24 h prior to infection with T. gondii tachyzoites.(More)