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We describe a novel technique for characterizing regional cerebral gray and white matter differences in structural magnetic resonance images by the application of methods derived from functional imaging. The technique involves automatic scalp-editing of images followed by segmentation, smoothing, and spatial normalization to a symmetrical template brain in(More)
Using high-resolution positron emission tomography and the oxygen 15 continuous inhalation method, we examined the changes in cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen, blood flow, blood volume, and oxygen extraction fraction as a function of age in 25 optimally healthy, unmedicated volunteers who ranged in age from 20 to 68 years. Subjects were strictly selected(More)
We have determined the rate constants (ki*) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the unlesioned baboon brain, for use in positron emission tomography (PET) measurements of glucose utilization. In contrast to earlier reports, we used a radiosynthesis which guarantees production of FDG essentially uncontaminated by fluorodeoxymannose, and an improved(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent reports have shown an increase in specific binding (in vitro) of [3H]PK 11195 to peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors in both experimental animals and humans, reflecting a glial/macrophagic reaction within and around focal ischemic insults. We have evaluated by positron emission tomography the time course of changes in(More)
This study was conducted to delineate the pattern of the writing impairments in 12 patients with Alzheimer type dementia. The patients performed writing tasks involving regular and irregular words and nonwords given by dictation as well as a decision test composed of printed words and pictures requiring phonologic, lexical, and semantic processing. Writing(More)
We describe a method for identification of brain structures from MRI data sets. The bulk of the paper concerns an automatic system for finding the anterior and posterior commissures [(AC) and (PC)] in the midsagittal plane. These landmarks are key for the definition of the Talairach space, commonly used in stereotactic neurosurgery, in the definition of(More)
Studies of central benzodiazepine receptors in the human brain in vivo are now possible using positron emission tomography (PET) and [11C]flumazenil. With the aim of measuring Bmax and Kd in brain regions, we used a two-injection [11C]flumazenil (at high and low specific radioactivity, respectively) pseudo-equilibrium paradigm to evaluate, in seven(More)
In addition to motor impairment, non-demented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibit a variable degree of cognitive impairment which could indicate dysfunction in the central executive of working memory. In this study, we have employed positron emission tomography measurements of resting brain glucose metabolism (CMRglc) to investigate the neural(More)
The measurement requirements which have been defined for ITER are being associated to specific diagnostics for which they are guidelines for the development - not technical specifications. As intermediate step we consider the definition of operational specifications and the associated R&D. This step is elucidated here for the example of the Visible and(More)
We propose a hardware and software architecture to respond to crucial problems in the neuroimaging field: storage, retrieval, and processing of large datasets. The B-SPID project, here discussed, concerns the processing of neuroimages and attached components stored in an object-relational multimedia database management system (DBMS). Advanced bioinformation(More)