We examined the somatosensory perceptions evoked by stimulation of rolandic and parietal brain regions in 40 epileptic patients undergoing a presurgical investigation with intracerebral electrodes. Bipolar stimulation trains were delivered in an incremental sequence at medial and/or lateral contact pairs of stereotaxically implanted, multi-contact… (More)
BACKGROUND Clinical features that may help to differentiate medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) from neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) are lacking. OBJECTIVE To investigate the localizing and lateralizing value of the association of ipsilateral motor automatisms and contralateral dystonic posturing in patients with medically refractory temporal… (More)
The effects of physiological noise and modelling procedure on spatio-temporal source modelling (STSM) solutions were examined by adding EEG noise (3-4% of total energy) to synthetic signals from 3 dipoles producing topographies that partially cancelled at the surface of an homogeneous sphere. Three patterns of source activation profiles were each associated… (More)
The localization of intracranial sources of EEG or MEG signals can be misled by the combined effect of several sources, as illustrated by simulated MEG data in which two of the three dipolar sources have slightly out of phase activity and partly complementary scalp topographies. These data were analysed by three different source localization methods.… (More)
In two cases, depth electrode studies and behavioral recordings indicated that headache was a clinical manifestation of ictal activity. The epileptogenic focus was found in the right limbic system, and right temporal lobectomy relieved the headaches.
We studied 24 patients who had adversion as the first clinical manifestation of seizures. Seizures were recorded with depth electrodes as part of the evaluation for possible surgery for epilepsy. Head rotation did not help to lateralize the epileptic focus clinically, because deviations occurred ipsilaterally to the EEG focus in some patients, and because… (More)
We examined the prognostic value of spatial and temporal characteristics of intracerebral propagation of seizures during temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery. Seven TLE patients resistant to standard anterotemporal lobectomy who had no known causes of resistance [e.g., extratemporal (ET), lesions, multifocal epilepsy] were matched with 7 seizure-free… (More)
It has been known for centuries that sleep and epilepsy have strong reciprocal influences. This is true for all kinds of epilepsies, although the nature of this influence varies quite markedly for each type. This extensive literature cannot be reviewed here, but some recent applications of these early studies will be given.
OBJECTIVE To determine the occurrence of magnetic resonance imaging-detected hippocampal atrophy (HA) in patients with partial epilepsy (temporal and extratemporal, cryptogenic, or symptomatic). Magnetic resonance imaging-detected HA has been demonstrated to be both sensitive and specific for hippocampal sclerosis in cryptogenic temporal lobe epilepsy. … (More)