J M Rodríguez-Martínez

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Plasmid-mediated resistance to quinolones is increasingly reported in studies of Enterobacteriaceae. Using a PCR-based strategy, a series of gram-negative species were screened for qnrA-like genes. Shewanella algae, an environmental species from marine and fresh water, was identified as its reservoir. This is a one of the very few examples of progenitor(More)
In 1998, the first plasmid-mediated gene involved in quinolone resistance (currently named qnrA1) was reported. Extra qnr-like plasmid-mediated genes (qnrB, qnrS, qnrC, qnrD) and their chromosomal homologues have also been characterized. These genes code for a pentapeptide repeat protein that protects type II topoisomerases from quinolones. Since then,(More)
The characterization of AmpC-type beta-lactamases was performed in a collection of 32 clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates with intermediate susceptibility or resistance to imipenem and ceftazidime. Twenty-one out of those 32 isolates overexpressed AmpC beta-lactamase, and the MICs of ceftazidime and imipenem were reduced after cloxacillin addition.(More)
Predicting antibiotic resistance before it emerges at clinical settings constitutes a novel approach for preventing and fighting resistance of bacterial pathogens. To analyse the possibility that novel plasmid-encoded quinolone resistance determinants (Qnr) can emerge and disseminate among bacterial pathogens, we searched the presence of those elements in(More)
OBJECTIVES To gain insight into the functionality of qnr-like genes of several bacterial species of Vibrionaceae that may encode quinolone resistance determinants. METHODS A PCR-based strategy was used to obtain qnr-like genes of reference strains of Vibrio vulnificus CIP103196, Vibrio parahaemolyticus CIP71.2 and Photobacterium profundum CIP106289 that(More)
A carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas stutzeri strain isolated from a Dutch patient was analyzed in detail. This isolate produced a metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) whose gene, with 43.5% GC content, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. beta-Lactamase DIM-1 (for Dutch imipenemase) was weakly related to other Ambler class B beta-lactamases, sharing <52%(More)
An AmpC-type beta-lactamase conferring high-level resistance to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins and monobactams was characterized from an Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate. This class C beta-lactamase (named ADC-33) possessed a Pro210Arg substitution together with a duplication of an Ala residue at position 215 (inside the Omega-loop) compared to a(More)
Two carbapenem-resistant isolates, one Escherichia coli isolate and one Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate, recovered from an Algerian patient expressed a novel VIM-type metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL). The identified bla(VIM-19) gene was located on a ca. 160-kb plasmid and located inside a class 1 integron in both isolates. VIM-19 differed from VIM-1 by the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to analyse the presence of oqxA and oqxB genes in a collection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains, to determine their chromosomal and/or plasmidic locations and to analyse expression levels in relation to susceptibility or resistance to quinolones. METHODS A collection of(More)
The CR1 element defined by an orf513 gene encoding a putative recombinase and a recombination crossover site has been identified upstream of several antibiotic resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae. This CR1 element was shown to bring promoter sequences that play a role in the expression of unrelated antibiotic resistance genes.