J. M. Richardson

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Anandamide (arachidonylethanolamide) is a novel lipid neurotransmitter first isolated from porcine brain which has been shown to be a functional agonist for the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Anandamide has never been isolated from human brain or peripheral tissues and its role in human physiology has not been examined. Anandamide was measured by(More)
Most bacteria synthesize muramyl-pentapeptide peptidoglycan precursors ending with a D-alanyl residue (e.g., UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala). However, it was recently demonstrated that other types of precursors, notably D-lactate-ending molecules, could be synthesized by several lactic acid bacteria. This particular feature leads to(More)
The deletion of phenylalanine 508 in the first nucleotide binding domain of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is directly associated with >90% of cystic fibrosis cases. This mutant protein fails to traffic out of the endoplasmic reticulum and is subsequently degraded by the proteasome. The effects of this mutation may be partially(More)
D-Glucose protectable cytochalasin B (CB) binding to subcellular membrane fractions was used to determine glucose transporter number in red (quadriceps-gastrocnemius-soleus) and white (quadriceps-gastrocnemius) rat muscle. CB binding was twofold higher in isolated plasma membranes of red than of white muscle. In contrast, the number of transporters in an(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis of cell lysates from Brucella abortus 2308 and the isogenic hfq mutant Hfq3 revealed that the RNA binding protein Hfq (also known as host factor I or HF-I) is required for the optimal stationary phase production of the periplasmic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase SodC. An isogenic sodC mutant, designated MEK2, was(More)
Effects of different salts (NaCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, GdmCl, NaBr, NaClO4, NaH2PO4, Na2SO4) on the stability of the ubiquitin molecule at pH 2.0 have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry, circular dichroism, and Tyr fluorescence spectroscopies. It is shown that all of the salts studied significantly increase the thermostability of the ubiquitin(More)
Leptin is a signaling protein that in its mutant forms has been associated with obesity and Type II diabetes. The lack of sequence similarity has precluded analogies based on structural resemblance to known systems. Backbone NMR signals for mouse leptin (13C/15N -labeled) have been assigned and its secondary structure reveals it to be a four-helix bundle(More)
The effects of cyclic AMP treatment on total cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity in GH3 pituitary tumor cells have been studied. Incubation of cells for 24 h with 1 microM forskolin resulted in a 50% decrease in total cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity which was reversible upon removal of forskolin from culture media. A similar response was observed(More)
Human insulin was labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and fully characterized to yield four distinct insulin-FITC species. High-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray mass spectrometry were used to determine the extent and location of fluorescein conjugation. By changing the reaction conditions (i.e., pH, time, and FITC/insulin ratio)(More)
N epsilon-(Carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) has been identified as a product of oxidation of glucose adducts to protein in vitro and has been detected in human tissue proteins and urine [Ahmed, M. U., Thorpe, S. R., & Baynes, J. W. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 4889-4894; Dunn, J. A., Patrick, J. S., Thorpe, S. R., & Baynes, J. W. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 9464-9468].(More)