Learn More
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of detrusor sphincter dyssynergia in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS This was a multicentre, placebo controlled, randomised, double blind study. Patients with chronic urinary retention were included if they had post-voiding residual urine(More)
1. Findings in cognitive psychology and neuropsychology have led to consider the existence of several mnestic systems. This study focuses on a now clearly established distinction between the procedural and the declarative memories. 2. The aim of the present study was to try and determine which of the two acquisition steps (learning and automation) is(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine-moduline (5-HT-moduline) is an endogenous tetrapeptide (Leu-Ser-Ala-Leu) recently isolated and characterized from mammalian brain. This compound interacts with 5-HT1B receptors as a non-competitive, high-affinity antagonist and has the properties of an allosteric modulator. 5-HT-moduline could play an important role in the regulation of(More)
Aldose reductase is the first enzyme in the polyol pathway and catalyses the NADPH-dependent reduction of D-glucose to D-sorbitol. Under normal physiological conditions aldose reductase participates in osmoregulation, but under hyperglycaemic conditions it contributes to the onset and development of severe complications in diabetes. Here we present the(More)
Several recent studies have demonstrated that alprazolam and lorazepam, administered at low doses to healthy volunteers, improve cognitive functions and psychomotor performances. Paradoxical effects of low-dose benzodiazepines have been also observed in mice, in experimental pharmacology. The aim of this work was to determine, in rat, the effect of similar(More)
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is an emerging concept used to describe memory decline and probably attention disturbances in otherwise intellectually intact individuals. MCI may be considered in 12 to 15 p. 100 of the cases as announcing an Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Although still speculative, the debate concerning the drugs susceptible to normalize(More)
To characterise the role played by dopamine receptors in ischaemic brain damage, we have evaluated the effects of pergolide, bromocriptine and lisuride (dopamine D2 receptor agonists), haloperidol (a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist), 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8,dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine (SKF 38393; a dopamine D1 receptor agonist) and (R)-(+)-8-chloro(More)
We have studied changes of cerebral monoamine metabolism and water content, during recirculation following global transient ischemia (20 min) using the four-vessel occlusion model in rats. Levels of monoamines and their metabolites were determined in cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and hypothalamus. Water content was evaluated by weight and by the analysis(More)
One of the aims of cognitive psychology is to breakdown complex tasks into their most basic components. The components of explicit (declarative) and implicit (procedural) memory were thus analyzed in undemented, non-depressed Parkinsonian patients under anti-Parkinsonian treatment, and compared with young and elderly healthy subjects. Three series of(More)
In the following study the behavioural effects of simultaneous lesion of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) using ibotenic acid and noradrenergic depletion following a single i.p. administration of DSP4 (50 mg/kg) were examined in the rat. NBM lesion induced a deficit in acquisition of a reinforced T-maze alternation task, a working memory adaptation(More)