J-M Reymann

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To characterise the role played by dopamine receptors in ischaemic brain damage, we have evaluated the effects of pergolide, bromocriptine and lisuride (dopamine D2 receptor agonists), haloperidol (a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist), 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8,dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine (SKF 38393; a dopamine D1 receptor agonist) and (R)-(+)-8-chloro(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine-moduline (5-HT-moduline) is an endogenous tetrapeptide (Leu-Ser-Ala-Leu) recently isolated and characterized from mammalian brain. This compound interacts with 5-HT1B receptors as a non-competitive, high-affinity antagonist and has the properties of an allosteric modulator. 5-HT-moduline could play an important role in the regulation of(More)
One of the aims of cognitive psychology is to breakdown complex tasks into their most basic components. The components of explicit (declarative) and implicit (procedural) memory were thus analyzed in undemented, non-depressed Parkinsonian patients under anti-Parkinsonian treatment, and compared with young and elderly healthy subjects. Three series of(More)
Performances of 12 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 15 healthy elderly subjects and 20 young healthy volunteers were compared on two episodic memory tests. The first, a learning test of semantically related words, enabled an assessment of the effect of semantic relationships on word learning by controlling the encoding and retrieval processes. The(More)
Parkinson's disease is accompanied by cognitive disorders which may affect procedural memory. Procedural memory uses a specific knowledge resource that expresses itself through pre-established acting procedures. The aim of this study was to better define the characteristics of procedural memory, first of all, by trying to determine the level of involvement(More)
Aldose reductase is the first enzyme in the polyol pathway and catalyses the NADPH-dependent reduction of D-glucose to D-sorbitol. Under normal physiological conditions aldose reductase participates in osmoregulation, but under hyperglycaemic conditions it contributes to the onset and development of severe complications in diabetes. Here we present the(More)
A detailed analysis of the mnestic deficits associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) contributes to explaining the cognitive disorders and their well documented consequences. This study was designed to show that, in PD declarative as well as procedural memory is severely impaired. Three tests designed to explore this aspect of mnestic functioning were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of detrusor sphincter dyssynergia in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS This was a multicentre, placebo controlled, randomised, double blind study. Patients with chronic urinary retention were included if they had post-voiding residual urine(More)
We have studied changes of cerebral monoamine metabolism and water content, during recirculation following global transient ischemia (20 min) using the four-vessel occlusion model in rats. Levels of monoamines and their metabolites were determined in cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and hypothalamus. Water content was evaluated by weight and by the analysis(More)
1. Findings in cognitive psychology and neuropsychology have led to consider the existence of several mnestic systems. This study focuses on a now clearly established distinction between the procedural and the declarative memories. 2. The aim of the present study was to try and determine which of the two acquisition steps (learning and automation) is(More)