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Cardiovascular hemodynamics were assessed by ultrasound echography and Doppler during a 28-d head-down tilt "CNES HDT: 87-88," and during the 25-d French-Soviet spaceflight "Aragatz 88." For both studies we used the same ultrasound methodology. The main hemodynamic parameters of the left heart function and of the peripheral arterial system (cerebral, renal,(More)
Objectives & method: (1) assess the main cardiac and vascular hemodynamic changes induced by the 0.g. (2) evaluate, the astronaut orthostatic tolerance, inflight, using LBNP. The ultrasound device "As.de.Coeur" with Echo, Doppler, TM, & plethysmograph modes was used.
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess the potential benefit of thrombolysis in patients with massive pulmonary embolism (PE) with stable hemodynamics and right ventricular dysfunction. DESIGN Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING University-based, tertiary referral medical center. PATIENTS One hundred fifty-three consecutive patients with massive PE from January(More)
BACKGROUND A free-floating thrombus (FFT) is often considered to be a risk factor for pulmonary embolism (PE), despite adequate anticoagulation therapy, in patients with proximal deep venous thrombosis. METHODS Ninety-five patients underwent prospective assessment according to the presence (FFT group [n = 62]) or absence (occlusive thrombus group [n =(More)
The objectives were to evaluate cardiac and peripheral changes induced by microgravity with and without countermeasures (CM), to assess the peripheral response to orthostatic tests (tilt, LBNP). Inflight or HDT, we used echography and Doppler to assess the left heart function and the peripheral arteries. We studied the cardiovascular system during 1) 21-d(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of Fourier phase analysis of gated blood pool single-photon emission computed tomography (GBP SPECT) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy, 18 patients with confirmed arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy underwent GBP SPECT and x-ray cineangiography. Results were compared with data obtained with GBP SPECT(More)
UNLABELLED Cardiovascular adaptation was evaluated on 2 astronauts: one wearing thigh cuffs from flight day 1 to 8 (14d flight), the second without cuffs (21d flight). Ultrasound investigations were performed at rest and during LBNP. RESULTS Without thigh cuffs the cardiovascular adaptation consists in (1) the development of a hypovolemia with an increase(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of early brain scintigraphy in head injury in relation to long-term neuropsychological behavior. Twenty-four patients underwent technetium-99m (Tc-99m) ethyl cysteinate dimer single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) within 1 month of the trauma. Scintigraphic abnormalities were(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) to localize the ventricular emergence site of accessory atrioventricular pathways (Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome). METHODS Thirty-three patients were studied prospectively by Doppler tissue imaging (128XP and Sequoia 256 echocardiographic systems; Acuson,(More)
Ultrasound Doppler imaging and electrocardiography were used to study hemodynamic responses to spaceflight onboard the Mir space station. Cardiovascular adaptation was studied at rest and during the use of thigh cuffs or "Bracelets" for weightlessness countermeasures. Specific changes in hemodynamic parameters are presented and discussed, along with an(More)