J M Philippe

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The survival of central neurons depends on multiple neurotrophic factors produced by different cell types. We demonstrate that media conditioned by muscle and Schwann cell lines show strong synergistic effects on survival of purified embryonic day 14.5 rat motoneurons in culture. Different lines of evidence implicate glial cell line-derived neurotrophic(More)
To assess whether connexin (Cx) expression contributes to insulin secretion, we have investigated normal and tumoral insulin-producing cells for connexins, gap junctions, and coupling. We have found that the glucose-sensitive cells of pancreatic islets and of a rat insulinoma are functionally coupled by gap junctions made of Cx43. In contrast, cells of(More)
In the nervous system, fibroblast growth factor-9 (FGF9) is produced mainly by neurons. By whole-mount in situ hybridization, on embryonic rat spinal cord, we observed Fgf9 expression in a subpopulation of motoneurons located in the thoracic and sacral regions of the median motor column that innervate the axial muscles. Furthermore, FGF9 prevented death of(More)
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