J M Pasquet

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Thrombin activates human platelets by hydrolyzing the protease-activated receptors PAR-1 and PAR-4, exposing new N-terminal sequences which act as tethered ligands, and binding to glycoprotein (GP) Ib, whose surface accessibility transiently decreases when platelets are stimulated by the enzyme. In an attempt to better understand this latter process, we(More)
Platelet activation by agents such as the Ca2+-ionophore A23187 or Ca2+-ATPase inhibitors leads to the generation of a procoagulant surface and the formation of microparticles. These responses are late events of platelet activation and readily detected by flow cytometry using annexin V-FITC as an aminophospholipid probe. One Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor,(More)
Phosphatidylserine exposure and microvesicle release give rise to procoagulant activity during platelet activation. We have previously shown that whereas the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1, 4-benzohydroquinone, a Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, induce phosphatidylserine exposure, only the former triggers microvesicle release. We now report that(More)
The Scott syndrome is a rare inherited haemorrhagic disorder characterized by the inability of blood cells to expose aminophospholipids and to shed microparticles. We have had the opportunity to study a recently reported French patient with this syndrome and have confirmed by means of a fluorescence assay for transbilayer lipid movement a reduced(More)
Thrombin generation is the culminating event of the coagulation cascade. It is initiated after the expression of tissue factor by endothelial cells and monocytes exposed to thrombogenic stimuli. Anionic phospholipids, chiefly phosphatidylserine, are necessary for the optimal activity of tissue factor and completion of the clotting process. They display a(More)
Our study investigated the effect of the antithrombotic drug clopidogrel (75 mg/d for 7 days) on the ultrastructure of platelet aggregates induced by ADP or 2-methylthio-ADP (2-MeS-ADP) in citrated platelet-rich plasma and examined the activation state of the GP IIb/IIIa complexes. Results were compared with those obtained for patient M.L., who has a(More)
The development of procoagulant activity and microparticle formation during platelet activation is known to depend on an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ levels. We have studied the mechanisms leading to these events using FITC-labeled recombinant annexin V, a protein which binds with a high affinity to aminophospholipids, in flow cytometry. In particular, we(More)
We have used flow cytometry to compare the temporal relationship between cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-fluxes and micro-vesiculation during platelet activation. Changes in fluorescence of the Ca(2+)-dye, fluo-3, and in forward light scatter as a measure of the decrease in platelet size that accompanies micro-vesiculation, were assessed simultaneously. In other(More)
We have related the release of procoagulant microparticles from platelets to calcium movement and the activation of the Ca(2+)-dependent protease calpain. The effects of the Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid and 2.5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone were compared with those of the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Whereas all three(More)
Microparticles are released during in vitro platelet activation and have been detected in vivo in several pathologies. Their characterization is of interest as they may play a potential role in hemostasis. Here, we report the formation of microparticles as the result of increases in intracellular Ca2+ brought about by inhibition of Ca(2+)-ATPases. They were(More)