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The pupal/demographic-survey methodology was evaluated in three coastal areas (one urban, one peri-urban and one rural) of Malindi district, Kenya, in attempts to identify the types of domestic container that are most productive for Aedes aegypti (L.) pupae. The results demonstrated the practicality and consistency of the methodology, as a tool both for(More)
Sand flies were collected in light traps and on oiled papers at four active case sites of human cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania tropica at Muruku Sublocation, Laikipia District, Kenya. Nearly 5,200 females of five species, including Phlebotomus guggisbergi, were dissected and examined for flagellates. Of 3,867 P. guggisbergi females collected at a(More)
Blood meal samples were tested by ELISA for 534 Anopheles gambiae s.l. and 76 Anopheles funestus collected from 25 sites in Kilifi District, Kenya. Human IgG was detected in 94.4% of the An. gambiae s.l. and in 90.8% of the An. funestus. No samples were positive for cow and only a few were positive for goat. Both species fed predominantly on humans(More)
An 18-month sandfly survey was conducted at 4 locations in Baringo District, Rift Valley Province, Kenya. 3 collection techniques were used: aspiration, sticky paper trap, and light trap in sites selected because of their proximity to homes of visceral leishmaniasis patients diagnosed and treated within 6 months before the survey. Over 2000 female(More)
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