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From the first descriptions of HIV/AIDS, the lung has been the site most frequently affected by the disease. Most patients develop a pulmonary complication during the history of HIV infection, mainly of infectious aetiology. Important changes in the epidemiology of HIV-related pulmonary infections have occurred. Overall, prescription of Pneumocystis(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies consider the incidence of individual AIDS-defining illnesses (ADIs) at higher CD4 counts, relevant on a population level for monitoring and resource allocation. METHODS Individuals from the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) aged ≥14 years with ≥1 CD4 count of ≥200 µL between 1998 and 2010(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) in a cohort of HIV-1-infected patients. METHODS Prospective longitudinal follow-up of 839 HIV-infected patients, of whom 505 (60%) were parenteral drug users and 269 (32%) homosexual men. Tuberculin skin tests were performed at baseline and annually thereafter. Prophylaxis with(More)
Five hundred forty-three episodes of nosocomial bacteremia were prospectively followed in a large Spanish university hospital. The commonest isolates were Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida species. The most frequent sources of infection were intravenous lines, urinary tract, and lower(More)
BACKGROUND This study addresses the dynamic of viral load rebound and immune system changes in a cohort of eight consecutive HIV-1-infected patients in very early stages [all the patients were taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART} and were recruited in the coordinating center from a larger study] who decided to discontinue HAART after 1 year(More)
PURPOSE To describe clinical features and outcomes of enterococcal left-sided native valve endocarditis and to compare it to endocarditis caused by other pathogens. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Patients in the International Collaboration on Endocarditis-Merged Database were included if they had left-sided native valve endocarditis. Demographic characteristics,(More)
One-hundred seventy-two consecutive adult patients with salmonella bacteremia documented by at least one positive blood culture were prospectively evaluated over a 10-year period. Salmonella enteritidis was isolated in 121 cases (70.3%), Salmonella typhimurium in 29 (16.9%), and other Salmonella species in 22 (12.8%). Twenty-seven patients (15.7%) developed(More)
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy with protease inhibitors in 1996 has changed the morbidity and mortality of acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients. Therefore, the aetiologies and prognostic factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with life-threatening respiratory failure requiring intensive care unit(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of recent HIV infections provides a description of the current pattern of HIV transmission and, consequently, can help to design better preventive interventions. Our study shows the first implementation in Spain of the Serologic Testing Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS) strategy. We assess the viability of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and tolerance of monthly aerosolized pentamidine versus cotrimoxazole versus dapsone plus pyrimethamine to prevent the initial episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN An open randomized clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS HIV-infected patients (n = 331) with CD4 cell counts <(More)