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Eighty-eight Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, most of them from the Collection of Bacterial Strains of the Institut Pasteur, Paris, were analysed for their pyoverdine-mediated iron incorporation system by different methods, including pyoverdine isoelectrofocusing analysis, pyoverdine-mediated growth stimulation, immunoblot detection of (ferri)pyoverdine(More)
Pyoverdine, the yellow-green, water-soluble, fluorescent pigment of the fluorescent Pseudomonas species, is a powerful iron(III) scavenger and an efficient iron(III) transporter. As a fluorescent pigment, it represents a ready marker for bacterial differentiation and, as a siderophore, it plays an important physiological function in satisfying the absolute(More)
Fluorescent Pseudomonas strains producing the antimicrobial secondary metabolite 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (Phl) play a prominent role in the biocontrol of plant diseases. A subset of Phl-producing fluorescent Pseudomonas strains, which can additionally synthesize the antimicrobial compound pyoluteorin (Plt), appears to cluster separately from other(More)
The numerous pyoverdines so far characterized as siderophores of fluorescent Pseudomonas could be usually differentiated one from each others by the two physico-chemical and physiological methods of siderotyping, i.e., siderophore-isoelectrofocusing and siderophore-mediated iron uptake. As shown in the present paper, the structural diversity of the peptide(More)
We have cloned three copies of a repeated DNA segment from Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto strain B31, present on both circular and linear plasmids of this and other B. burgdorferi sensu lato strains. The DNA sequences are characterized by a highly homologous segment containing two open reading frames (ORFs), ORF-A and ORF-B. Five additional ORFs can be(More)
Several strains of Burkholderia vietnamiensis, isolated from the rhizosphere of rice plants, and four strains formerly known as Pseudomonas cepacia including two collection strains and two clinical isolates were compared for siderophore production and iron uptake. The B. vietnamiensis (TVV strains) as well as the B. cepacia strains (ATCC 25416 and ATCC(More)
Novel linear hydroxamate/hydroxycarboxylate siderophores from strains of Pseudomonas cepacia were isolated and named ornibactins. The ornibactins represent modified tetrapeptide siderophores, possessing the sequence l-Orn1(N δ-OH, N Δ-acyl)-d-threo-Asp(β-OH)-l-Ser-l-Orn4(N δ-OH, N δ-formyl)-1,4-diaminobutane. The N δ-acyl groups of Orn1(N δ-OH, N δ-acyl)(More)
A PCR assay for the amplification of small subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) of Euryarchaea was developed and used to detect archaeal rDNA in 37 (77%) out of 48 pooled subgingival plaque samples from 48 patients suffering from periodontal disease. One major group of cloned periodontal sequences was identical to Methanobrevibacter oralis and a second minor(More)
Pseudomonas entomophila L48 is a recently identified entomopathogenic bacterium which, upon ingestion, kills Drosophila melanogaster, and is closely related to P. putida. The complete genome of this species has been sequenced and therefore a genomic, genetic and structural analysis of the siderophore-mediated iron acquisition was undertaken. P. entomophila(More)