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Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an inherited human disease of unknown etiology associated with neurologic degeneration, immune dysfunction, cancer risk, and genetic instability. A-T cells are sensitive to ionizing radiation and radiomimetic drugs, offering the possibility of cloning A-T genes by phenotypic complementation. We have used this sensitivity to(More)
We have constructed a YAC contig containing 54 clones and a minimum of 7 Mbp of human DNA, that maps to bands q34-35 on chromosome 5. The contig was nucleated using FISH mapped cosmid clones shown to flank the t(2;5)(p23;q35) translocation breakpoint in a CD30-positive large cell lymphoma cell line. Thirty of the 54 YAC clones are non-chimeric and six span(More)
A total of 25 DNA markers located on the long arm of human chromosome 2 have been mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization. This region includes the locus for Waardenburg syndrome, type I (WS1), recently found to result, at least in some cases, from mutations of the PAX3 gene. We have established that the chromosomal location of the PAX3 gene is within(More)
Type II (tyrosinase-positive) oculocutaneous albinism (OCA2) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which the biosynthesis of melanin pigment is reduced in the skin, hair, and eyes. OCA2, which we have shown results from mutations of the P gene in Caucasians, is the most prevalent type of oculocutaneous albinism in African and African-American patients with(More)
We have mapped five genes encoding protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) to the pericentromeric region of human chromosome 4. PTK4 and TYRO4, which encode nonreceptor intracellular PTKs, are located at 4p12 and 4q13, respectively. The other three genes, PDGFRA, KIT, and KDR, encode type III transmembrane receptor PTKs for known ligands. We have developed a contig(More)
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