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Research on physical or psychological stress, in order to monitor objective parameters for animal welfare, is usually performed during experimental stress induction. To avoid treatment of animals with physical or physiological stress, addition of the stress-related hormone corticosterone to the drinking water, may serve as a practical alternative to(More)
A new method of epitope mapping based on chimeric swine vesicular disease (SVD) viruses produced by fusion PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Seven out of 16 neutralising and non-neutralising newly produced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) discriminated between SVD isolate ITL/1/66 and NET/1/92. Using fusion PCR eight chimeric viruses were produced containing(More)
Streptococcus suis causes infections in pigs and occasionally in humans, resulting in manifestations as meningitis, sepsis, arthritis, and septic shock. For survival within the host, S. suis requires numerous nutrients including trace metals. Little is known about the specific proteins involved in metal scavenging in S. suis. In this study we evaluated the(More)
Genetic resistance to diseases is a multigenic trait governed mainly by the immune system and its interactions with many physiologic and environmental factors. In the adaptive immunity, T cell and B cell responses, the specific recognition of antigens and interactions between antigen presenting cells, T cells and B cells are crucial. It occurs through a(More)
Expressed sequenced tags (ESTs) and microarray resources have a great impact on the ability to study host response in mice and humans. Unfortunately, these resources are not yet available for domestic farm animals. The aim of this study was to provide genomic resources to study chicken intestinal health, in particular malabsorption syndrome (MAS), which(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus suis causes invasive infections in pigs and occasionally in humans. The host innate immune system plays a major role in counteracting S. suis infections. The main components of S. suis able to activate the innate immune system likely include cell wall constituents that may be released during growth or after cell wall integrity loss,(More)
The Dutch swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) isolate NET/1/92 was one of the first isolates belonging to a new SVDV antigenic group. This strain was completely sequenced and was shown to have 93% similarity with the UKG/27/72 isolate. To enable antigenicity, replication, maturation and pathogenicity studies of NET/1/92, an infectious full-length cDNA(More)
The intestinal microflora lives in intimate contact with its surrounding intestinal wall and the bacteria can exert beneficial or deleterious effects on the host, depending on whether they are classified as probiotics or as pathogens. The interaction is determined on one hand by characteristics of the microorganisms, and on the other hand by characteristics(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) continues to be a threat for the pig industry. Vaccines have been developed, but these failed to provide sustainable disease control, in particular against genetically unrelated strains. Here we give an overview of current knowledge and gaps in our knowledge that may be relevant for the development(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most economically important diseases of swine worldwide. Since its first emergence in 1987 the PRRS virus (PRRSV) has become particularly divergent with highly pathogenic strains appearing in both Europe and Asia. However, the underlying mechanisms of PRRSV pathogenesis are still unclear.(More)