J. M. Heslan

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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-4 (IL-4), two Th2-derived cytokines, are molecules with anti-inflammatory and immunodeviating properties whose direct expression in allografts may prolong graft survival. Recombinant adenoviruses represent efficient vectors for gene tranfer in quiescent cells in vivo. Adenoviral vectors encoding rat IL-10 (AdIL-10),(More)
Donor-specific tolerance to heart allografts in the rat can be achieved by donor-specific blood transfusions (DST) before transplantation. We have previously reported that this tolerance is associated with strong leukocyte infiltration, and that host CD8(+) T cells and TGFbeta are required. In order to identify new molecules involved in the induction phase(More)
Donor-specific allograft tolerance can be induced in adult rats by pregraft donor-specific blood transfusion (DST). We have previously shown that DST elicits in recipients the expansion of a donor-specific CD8+ T cell clone displaying the Vbeta18-Dbeta1-Jbeta2.7 TCR rearrangement, which rapidly infiltrates allografts after transplantation, suggesting a(More)
BACKGROUND Donor specific tolerance to heart allografts is induced in LEW.1A rat recipient by two donor LEW.1W blood transfusions prior engraftment. Although the tolerant allograft is infiltrated by leukocytes, graft infiltrating cells are only expressing low levels of the Th1- or Th2-related cytokines suggesting that induction of tolerance is an active(More)
BACKGROUND In hamster-to-rat cardiac xenografts, long-term survival (LTS) is obtained in 60% of recipients if vascular rejection is overcome by cobra venom factor and cyclosporine (CsA). It has been suggested that this accommodation state could be due to the Th2 response. METHODS We examined the infiltrate by using immunostaining and the accumulation of(More)
1. The sialidase activity of human thymocyte was examined by a fluorogenic assay. 2. These studies revealed that human thymocyte sialidase activity is essentially acid-active and membrane-bound since 59.6% and 33% of the total activity was recovered in the lysosome-enriched and microsomal fractions, respectively. 3. A weak activity was also detected in the(More)
IL-13, a recently identified Th2 cytokine, shares some, but not all, IL-4 functions, including inhibition of monocyte and macrophage activation, stimulation of human B cells, and induction of growth and differentiation of mouse bone marrow cells in vitro. We have now tested the in vivo effects of recombinant mouse IL-13 (rIL-13) from stably transfected,(More)
In IgA glomerulonephritis (GN), the pathogenic role of IgA is well documented, but the specificity of these IgA is unknown. Cases of celiac disease associated with IgA GN have been reported and led us to investigate the role of gliadin sensitivity. We measured IgA, IgG and IgM antibodies to gliadin, beta-lactoglobulin and ovalbumin by ELISA (results(More)
Peptides derived from the HLA class I heavy chain (a.a. 75-84) have been shown to modulate immune responses in vitro and in vivo in a non-allele-restricted fashion. In vivo studies in rodents have demonstrated prolonged allograft survival following peptide therapy. The immunomodulatory effect of these peptides has been correlated with peptide-mediated(More)