J M Hanesworth

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The development of navigational strategies to solve spatial problems appears to be dependent on an intact hippocampal formation. The circular water maze task requires the animal to use extramaze spatial cues to locate a pedestal positioned just below the surface of the water. Presently, we investigated the role of a recently discovered brain angiotensin(More)
A unique angiotensin binding site specific for the hexapeptide, AII(3-8), has been identified in guinea pig hippocampus. This binding site, which is present in the pyramidal cell layer of CA1, CA2, CA3 of the hippocampus and dentate gyrus, binds AII(3-8) with high affinity (KD = 1.29 +/- 0.18 nM) in a saturable manner (Bmax = 449 +/- 62 fmol/mg protein).(More)
We report here the discovery of a unique and novel angiotensin binding site and peptide system based upon the C-terminal 3-8 hexapeptide fragment of angiotensin II (NH3(+)-Val-Tyr-Ile-His-Pro-Phe-COO-) (AII(3-8) (AIV)). This fragment binds saturably, reversibly, specifically, and with high affinity to membrane-binding sites in a variety of tissues and from(More)
The present research characterizes a newly discovered ANG II(3-8) (ANG IV) binding site localized in structures associated with memory function (hippocampus, neocortex, cerebellum), as well as other brain stem structures (thalamus, inferior olivary nucleus). This site is not the AT1 or AT2 site that binds angiotensins II (ANG II) and III (ANG III) nor does(More)
Divalinal-Ang IV [V psi (CH2-NH2)YV psi (CH2-NH2)HPF] is being employed increasingly as a specific AT4 antagonist. This use, which necessitates a comprehensive physiological and pharmacological evaluation of Divalinal-Ang IV's functional and receptor binding characteristics in order to ensure its efficacy and specificity, was the stimulus for this study(More)
Female and male rats were trained to discriminate the kappa opioid agonist (5alpha,7alpha,8beta)-(-)-N-methyl-[7-(1-pyrrolidinyl) -1-oxaspiro(4,5)dec-8-yl]benzeneacetamide (U69,593, 0.13 mg/kg SC) from vehicle using a FR-10 schedule of food reinforcement. Female rats took significantly longer than males to acquire the discrimination (66.9 vs. 44.1 sessions,(More)
This study demonstrates the existence of a previously unrecognized class of angiotensin binding sites on vascular smooth muscle that exhibit high affinity and specificity for the hexapeptide (3-8) fragment of angiotensin II (AngIV). Binding of [125I]AngIV is saturable, reversible and describes a pharmacologic profile that is distinct and separate from the(More)
The angiotensin II competitive antagonist [125I]-Sar1, Ile8-angiotensin II was not transported from the vascular space to the cerebroventricular space in either intact or nephrectomized rats. In addition [125I]Sar1, Ile8-angiotensin II lacked the capacity to move in the opposite direction over a 20-min collection period following cerebroventricular(More)
Our laboratory has reported previously that a unique binding site specific for the hexapeptide angiotensin (A)II(3-8), now referred to as AIV, is present in a number of tissues including bovine adrenal gland, rabbit and guinea pig heart and guinea pig kidney, liver, lung, uterus and brain. The present results extend previous findings in the guinea pig brain(More)
A new class of angiotensin receptors has recently been identified that exhibits both high specificity and affinity for the hexapeptide (3-8) fragment of angiotensin II, angiotensin IV (AngIV). Here, utilizing radioligand binding, we fully characterize AngIV binding at the AT4 receptor on cultured bovine coronary venular endothelial cells (CVEC), and report(More)