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Prolactin (PRL) stimulates breast cancer cell proliferation; however, the involvement of PRL-activated signaling molecules in cell proliferation is not fully established. Here we studied the role of c-Src on PRL-stimulated proliferation of T47D and MCF7 breast cancer cells. We initially observed that PRL-dependent activation of focal adhesion kinase (Fak),(More)
Lauryl gallate is an antioxidant food additive showing low toxicity to normal cells. Here, its antiproliferative effect has been studied on three human breast cancer cell lines: estrogen-dependent, wild-type p53, MCF7; estrogen-independent, non-functional p53, MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 ADR, which overexpresses P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and displays a(More)
Dysregulation of gene expression is one of the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of Huntington's disease (HD). Here, we examined whether mutant huntingtin regulates the levels of PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1), a phosphatase that specifically dephosphorylates Akt at Ser473. Our results show decreased PHLPP1 protein(More)
Nuclear accumulation of β-catenin, a widely recognized marker of poor cancer prognosis, drives cancer cell proliferation and senescence bypass and regulates incretins, critical regulators of fat and glucose metabolism. Diabetes, characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, is associated with increased cancer risk, partly because of increased insulin(More)
To study the role of c-Src in breast cancer tumorigenesis, we generated a cell line derived from MCF7 carrying an inducible dominant negative c-Src (c-SrcDN: K295M/Y527F) under tetracycline control (Tet-On system). c-SrcDN expression caused phenotypic changes, relocation of c-Src, Fak, and paxillin, and loss of correct actin fiber assembly. These(More)
Increasing evidence suggests a complex relationship between obesity, diabetes and cancer. Here we review the evidence for the association between obesity and diabetes and a wide range of cancer types. In many cases the evidence for a positive association is strong, but for other cancer types a more complex picture emerges with some site-specific cancers(More)
Extensive epidemiological studies suggest that the diabetic population is at higher risk of site-specific cancers. The diabetes-cancer link has been hypothesized to rely on various hormonal (insulin, IGF1, adipokines), immunological (inflammation), or metabolic (hyperglycemia) characteristics of the disease and even on certain treatments. Inflammation may(More)
The striatum is one of the brain areas most vulnerable to excitotoxicity, a lesion that can be prevented by neurotrophins. In the present study, intrastriatal injection of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) agonist quinolinate (QUIN) was performed in mice heterozygous for neurotrophin-3 (NT3 +/-) or brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF +/-) to(More)
Stimulation of resting W53 cells (lymphoid murine cells expressing prolactin (PRL) receptor) by PRL induced expression of growth-related immediate-early genes (IEG), and proliferation through activation of the Src kinases. Since IEG are essential for cell cycle progression, we have studied how PRL controls expression of c-Myc mRNA and c-Fos. Stimulation of(More)
The cytokine prolactin (PRL) plays important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of the mammary gland and it has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The prolactin receptor (PRLR) is devoid of catalytic activity and its mitogenic response is controlled by cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases of the Src (SFK) and Jak families. How PRLR uses these kinases for(More)