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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficiency of mitoxantrone in multiple sclerosis. METHODS Forty two patients with confirmed multiple sclerosis, selected as having a very active disease on clinical and MRI criteria were randomised to receive either mitoxantrone (20 mg intravenously (IV) monthly) and methylprednisolone (1 g iv monthly) or methylprednisolone alone(More)
The subjects of this double-blind study were 18 elderly men and women (mean age, 69.3 years) with slight age-related memory impairment. In a crossover-study design, each subject received placebo or an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) (320 mg or 600 mg) 1 hour before performing a dual-coding test that measures the speed of information processing; the test(More)
One of the aims of cognitive psychology is to breakdown complex tasks into their most basic components. The components of explicit (declarative) and implicit (procedural) memory were thus analyzed in undemented, non-depressed Parkinsonian patients under anti-Parkinsonian treatment, and compared with young and elderly healthy subjects. Three series of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with depression often have cognitive and psychomotor performance impairments. Antidepressive treatments can correct these deficits, provided sedative and anticholinergic adverse effects do not add to the preexisting condition, particularly in elderly patients. Newly developed antidepressants therefore should be without deleterious(More)
The respective effects of three antidepressant drugs (moclobemide, 450 mg/j; viloxazine, 300 mg/j; maprotiline, 150 mg/j) on vigilance, attention, and memory were compared. Young depressed outpatients (n = 46) entered a double-blind, randomized, monocentre clinical trial lasting for 6 weeks. Drug actions were assessed through the regular determination of(More)
The olfactory bulbectomized (OB) rat is a well-accepted animal model of depression. The present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation demonstrates alterations in signal intensities in cortical, hippocampal, caudate and amygdaloid regions in OB animals, but not in sham operated controls. Ventricular enlargement was also evident in OB animals. These(More)
Thirty five subjects (age: 45-69 years) with subjective memory loss, without any other neuropsychiatric or somatic disease, were recruited in a phase II study. This double blind randomized versus placebo controlled study compared the effects of minaprine (200 mg/d) with placebo, in two parallel groups, during 2 months, on memory, attention and vigilance.(More)
A detailed analysis of the mnestic deficits associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) contributes to explaining the cognitive disorders and their well documented consequences. This study was designed to show that, in PD declarative as well as procedural memory is severely impaired. Three tests designed to explore this aspect of mnestic functioning were(More)
The effect of 3 dosages of bromazepam administered as single oral doses (1.5, 3 and 6 mg) on anxious inhibition phenomena was studied in a population of 16 young women (18-30 years) with anxiety-traits, selected on the criteria of Cattell's anxiety scale supported by two personality inventory (Eysenck's, MMPI). A double-blind, placebo study design was(More)
The effects of the new chroman derivative, alnespirone (S 20499), which is a selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist, were investigated in an animal model of depression, the learned helplessness test. Rats previously submitted to a session of 60 inescapable electric foot shocks (learned helpless controls) exhibited a deficit in escape performance in three(More)