Learn More
Several Dinophysis species produce diarrhoetic toxins (okadaic acid and dinophysistoxins) and pectenotoxins, and cause gastointestinal illness, Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP), even at low cell densities (<103 cells·L⁻¹). They are the main threat, in terms of days of harvesting bans, to aquaculture in Northern Japan, Chile, and Europe. Toxicity and(More)
Yessotoxin (YTX) is a marine polyether toxin that was first isolated in 1986 from the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis. Subsequently, it was reported that YTX is produced by the dinoflagellates Protoceratium reticulatum, Lingulodinium polyedrum and Gonyaulax spinifera. YTXs have been associated with diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) because they are often(More)
Yessotoxin (YTX) and its analogues are disulphated polyether compounds of increasing occurrence in seafood. The biological effects of these algal toxins on mammals and the risk associated to their ingestion have not been clearly established. We have used primary cultures of rat cerebellar neurons to investigate whether YTX affected survival and functioning(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t The construction of high order symmetric, symplectic and exponentially fitted Runge–Kutta (RK) methods for the numerical integration of Hamiltonian systems with oscillatory solutions is analyzed. Based on the symplecticness, symmetry, and exponential fitting properties, three new four-stage RK integrators, either with(More)
Okadaic acid (1) (OA) and its congeners are mainly responsible for diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) syndrome. The presence of several OA derivatives have already been confirmed in Prorocentrum and Dinophysis spp. In this paper, we report on the detection and identification of a new DSP toxin, the OA isomer 19-epi-okadaic acid (2) (19-epi-OA), isolated(More)
The main objective of this work was the incorporation of reactive isocyanate groups into chitin and chitosan in order to effectively use the products as reactive thickening agents in castor oil. The resulting gel-like dispersions could be potentially used as biodegradable lubricating greases. Three different NCO-functionalized polymers were obtained: two of(More)