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On five marine microalgae with the same biovolume quantity (Tetraselmis chuii, Rhodomonas salina, Chaetoceros sp., Isochrysis galbana (T-iso) and Nannochloropsis gaditana) 72-h exposure toxicity tests with copper and lead were performed. For both metals, 72-h EC50s showed T. chuii as the most tolerant and R. salina as one of the most sensitive. Besides(More)
Five marine microalgae (Tetraselmis chuii, Rhodomonas salina, Chaetoceros sp., Isochrysis galbana (T-iso) and Nannochloropsis gaditana), in the same biovolume quantity, were exposed to 72h growth-inhibition tests with atrazine and LAS. In all cases, the inhibition effect of atrazine was higher than that of LAS up to two orders of magnitude higher in the(More)
To evaluate sediment quality in different areas in the Gulf of Cádiz affected by mining activities, an integrative approach to assessment was used: the Sediment Quality Triad (SQT). Sediment samples were collected at six stations and subjected to replicated sediment acute and chronic toxicity tests, and comprehensive sediment chemistry analyses. Organisms(More)
An approach is presented for determining the influence of two key variables, pH and salinity (S), on the toxicity of four common heavy metals bound to sediments in estuaries. Two samples of environmental sediment taken from two estuaries in southern Spain (the Huelva estuary and the Guadalquivir River estuary), together with a dilution of toxic mud from the(More)
The urgent need to reduce the greenhouse emissions to the atmosphere has leaded to study new systems to capture and store carbon dioxide (CO(2)). The sequestration of CO(2) in marine geological formations is one of these systems proposed at the international level to effectively reduce the concentration of atmospheric CO(2). Although permanent containment(More)
Standard microalgae toxicity tests should be able to establish responses in real ecosystems. Natural marine picoplankton samples collected during the months of March, June, August, October 2007 and January 2008, where exposed to 72 h copper toxicity tests. Results analysed by flow cytometry distinguished two groups, with different cytometric characteristics(More)
Since 1994 the results of the analyses of key chemical compounds (trace metals, polychlorinated biphenyls and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and the comparison with the corresponding sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) are used in decision-making for dredged material management in Spain. Nonetheless in the last decades a tiered testing approach is(More)
The teaching of Chemical Oceanography in the Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences of the University of C adiz (Spain) has been improved since 1994 by the employment of a device for the laboratory simulation of estuarine mixing processes and the characterisation of the chemical behaviour of many substances that pass through an estuary. The equipment(More)
Monitoring from 1998 to 2001 has assessed the impact of the Aznalcóllar mining spill on the sediment quality in the Guadalquivir estuary. Chemical analysis has been completed with biological effects measured in different organisms. The toxicity of sediments obtained from dilutions of toxic mud and from environmental stations affected by the accidental spill(More)