J M Fletcher

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Cytokines produced in response to plaque bacteria clearly play a key role in the periodontal diseases. However, we know very little about the interactions between cytokines and periodontopathogenic bacteria. The aims of this study were to determine whether the key pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and IL-6 could affect the growth of(More)
Biofilms of Streptococcus sanguis and planktonic cells of the organism were exposed to chlorhexidine gluconate and cetylpyridinium chloride, at concentrations used clinically, and survivors enumerated. S. sanguis exhibited a lower susceptibility to both antiseptics when it comprised a biofilm than when the organism was in the planktonic form. No viable(More)
AIM To study the effectiveness of a specific national programme of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for patients with severe forms of Gaucher disease, a disorder of sphingolipid metabolism resulting from an inherited deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme beta-Glucocerebrosidase. METHODS Prospective analysis of data submitted at entry and every 6 months on(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans has been specifically implicated in the aetiology of one or more of the periodontal diseases, conditions in which inflammation of the gums is associated with destruction of the alveolar bone supporting the teeth. In these diseases there is loss of attachment of the gums (gingivae) to the teeth forming a periodontal(More)
Extensive results from the commissioning phase of PUEO, the adaptive optics instrument adaptor for the Canada–France–Hawaii telescope (CFHT), are presented and discussed. Analyses of more than 750 images recorded with a CCD and a near-IR camera on 16 nights in wavelengths from B to H are used to derive the properties of the compensated wavefront and images(More)
A redox dye, methylene blue, was compared with subgingival root surface debridement and sterile water in the treatment of adult periodontitis. Plaque and gingival indices, bleeding on probing, and microbiological samples were obtained at baseline, and at 1, 4, 8 and 12 weeks following treatment. All subjects had matched pockets in each of the 4 quadrants,(More)
A phoA fusion library of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans genomic DNA has been screened to identify genes encoding exported and secreted proteins. A total of 8,000 colonies were screened, and 80 positive colonies were detected. From these, 48 genes were identified with (i) more than half having homology to known or hypothetical Haemophilus influenzae(More)
There is evidence that the lipid A-associated proteins (LAPs) of enteric bacteria can induce the synthesis of interleukin 1 (IL-1) and therefore may be important virulence factors. Porphyromonas gingivalis is now recognized as a major pathogen in the chronic inflammatory periodontal diseases and it has previously been reported that a crude LAP fraction from(More)
The complex highly hydrated chemical composition of the bacterial glycocalyx renders it difficult to preserve and visualize at the ultrastructural level. Polyanionic stains such as ruthenium red help to maintain some structural integrity, and other more modern approaches include antibody stabilization, lectins, and the addition of lysine to the primary(More)