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Astrocyte and glial-neuron interactions have a critical role in brain development, which is partially mediated by glycoproteins, including adhesion molecules and growth factors. Ethanol affects the synthesis, intracellular transport, subcellular distribution and secretion of these glycoproteins, suggesting alterations in glycosylation. We analyzed the(More)
The morphology and subcellular positioning of the Golgi complex depend on both microtubule and actin cytoskeletons. In contrast to microtubules, the role of actin cytoskeleton in the secretory pathway in mammalian cells has not been clearly established. Using cytochalasin D, we have previously shown that microfilaments are not involved in the endoplasmic(More)
Endocytosis constitutes an essential process in the regulation of the expression of cell surface molecules and receptors and, therefore, could participate in the neural-glial interactions occurring during brain development. However, the relationship between endocytic pathways in astroglial cells under physiological and pathological conditions remains poorly(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) constitutes a group of cell surface glycoproteins that regulate cell-cell interactions in the developing and adult brain. Endocytosis is a mechanism which dynamically controls the amount of cell surface NCAM expression and may involve the rapid changes occurring in NCAM expression under certain physiological or(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial reperfusion is associated with calcium overload and cell contracture, mechanisms that may precipitate cell death. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that in vivo inhibition of this contracture could lead to cell preservation in an open-chest large animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS Regional myocardium function was measured during(More)
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