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The authors propose to define the epileptic syndromes with continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) as a cognitive or behavioral impairment acquired during childhood, associated with a strong activation of the interictal epileptiform discharges during NREM sleep--whatever focal or generalized--and not related to another factor than the presence(More)
Some cases of parkinsonism without Lewy bodies were detected, although the presence of Lewy bodies is a diagnostic criterion for PD. Thereafter, similar cases were repeatedly encountered by researchers at Juntendo University, Tokyo. Groups in Niigata and Hiroshima also reported cases of parkinsonism without Lewy bodies, which suggests that such cases occur(More)
In many circumstances antiepileptic drugs are used in patients who have never presented any clinical epileptic seizures. These substances are administered on the assumption of a potential risk for the patients of developing acute or delayed chronic seizures after brain injuries such as trauma, stroke, hemorrages or even neurosurgical interventions. The aim(More)
Perioral myoclonia with absences (POMA) was first described in 1994 by CP Panayotopoulos who identified 6 cases that did not fit with the classical syndrome of absence epilepsy in children and whose predominant symptom during the absence seizure was the occurrence of myoclonia of perioral muscles. The POMA belongs to the group of generalized idiopathic(More)
This paper proposes therapeutic guidelines for the management of some epileptic syndromes in infants, children, and adolescents, based on available medical literature and clinical practice in the French Community of Belgium. The guidelines address both epileptic encephalopathies (West syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and Dravet syndrome) and idiopathic(More)
The most recent antiepileptic drugs used in children are lamotrigine, topiramate, oxcarbamaz6pine and levetiracetam. Their efficacy is proven, depending on the type of crisis, but in Belgium they are reimbursed only in certain conditions. The treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which was only constituted of(More)
Epilepsy and psychiatric diseases are frequent comorbidities. Psychoses in patients with epilepsy have special physiopathology and several clinical presentations and prognoses. Their treatments are also specific, according to the specific diagnosis. This paper represents the summary of a consensus meeting held in November 2003 by a Belgian French-speaking(More)
Approximately 20% of people with epilepsy are of childbearing potential and about 3 to 5 births per thousand will be to women with epilepsy. Both epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs can cause specific problems in women and embryos (less than 8 weeks of gestational age) or foetuses (more than 8 weeks of gestational age). The aim of this paper is to discuss(More)
The choice of treatment of newly diagnosed epilepsy involves many factors such as age, sex, life style, general health and concomitant medication. The seizure type, syndrome, and the pharmacology, efficacy and safety of the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) should also be considered. Some of the new AEDs appear to provide at least equivalent efficacy with better(More)
Myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE) belongs to the epilepsies with generalized seizures. MAE occurs in 1-2% of all childhood epilepsies up to age 9. This disease is characterized by various clinical and EEG criteria. The course of this epileptic syndrome is variable but influenced by an early diagnosis and by a specific treatment.
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