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We report a child with short stature, osteopenia with metaphyseal striations and severe mental retardation. This child shows radiological and clinical features of SPONASTRIME dysplasia. Only three sibships with this disorder have been reported. In two families, affected patients were of normal intelligence. In the third one, as well as our case, the(More)
The authors propose to define the epileptic syndromes with continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) as a cognitive or behavioral impairment acquired during childhood, associated with a strong activation of the interictal epileptiform discharges during NREM sleep--whatever focal or generalized--and not related to another factor than the presence(More)
Nasopharyngeal carriage is a major factor in the transmission of pneumococcal disease. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and the distribution of serogroups and serotypes in children aged 3-36 months attending day care centres in Belgium. A single nasopharyngeal swab was(More)
The choice of treatment of newly diagnosed epilepsy involves many factors such as age, sex, life style, general health and concomitant medication. The seizure type, syndrome, and the pharmacology, efficacy and safety of the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) should also be considered. Some of the new AEDs appear to provide at least equivalent efficacy with better(More)
Febrile Seizures (FS), despite their usual benign clinical course, are still subject of controversies regarding the need for further investigation and treatment with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Our study aimed to inventory the clinical findings, laboratory and imaging data associated with FS and eventually influencing their management. 275 episodes(More)
Perioral myoclonia with absences (POMA) was first described in 1994 by CP Panayotopoulos who identified 6 cases that did not fit with the classical syndrome of absence epilepsy in children and whose predominant symptom during the absence seizure was the occurrence of myoclonia of perioral muscles. The POMA belongs to the group of generalized idiopathic(More)
Epilepsy and psychiatric diseases are frequent comorbidities. Psychoses in patients with epilepsy have special physiopathology and several clinical presentations and prognoses. Their treatments are also specific, according to the specific diagnosis. This paper represents the summary of a consensus meeting held in November 2003 by a Belgian French-speaking(More)
In many circumstances antiepileptic drugs are used in patients who have never presented any clinical epileptic seizures. These substances are administered on the assumption of a potential risk for the patients of developing acute or delayed chronic seizures after brain injuries such as trauma, stroke, hemorrages or even neurosurgical interventions. The aim(More)
Myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE) belongs to the epilepsies with generalized seizures. MAE occurs in 1-2% of all childhood epilepsies up to age 9. This disease is characterized by various clinical and EEG criteria. The course of this epileptic syndrome is variable but influenced by an early diagnosis and by a specific treatment.