J M Desmonts

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In cases of community-acquired peritonitis, the adequacy of emprical antibiotic treatment has been shown to attenuate mortality and morbidity. The impact of empirical antibiotics on the outcome of postoperative peritonitis has never been evaluated. This study included 100 consecutively studied patients with postoperative peritonitis. The adequacy of(More)
A prospective survey of complications associated with anaesthesia was carried out in France from 1978 to 1982 in a representative sample of 198,103 anaesthetics performed in 460 public and private institutions chosen at random in the country as a whole. There were 268 major complications associated with anaesthesia occurring during or within 24 hours of(More)
The pharmacokinetics and protein binding of propofol were studied in ten patients with cirrhosis and in ten control patients undergoing elective surgery. All patients received 2.5 mg.kg-1 propofol as an intravenous bolus injection for the induction of anesthesia. Whole blood propofol concentrations were measured at intervals up to 12 h, using a(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of propofol indicate that this may be an appropriate agent for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in obese patients. This study was designed to assess the rates of recovery and the pharmacokinetics of propofol infusions in morbidly obese patients. METHODS Anesthesia was induced and(More)
To determine the cytokine release during normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, we have measured plasmatic levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukins-1 beta, 6, and 8 in 10 patients during the first 24 hours after the start of bypass. Arterial blood samples were collected at intervals before, during, and after bypass. Interleukin-1 beta was not(More)
BACKGROUND Recent experimental data indicate that anesthesia is often associated with significant changes in brain concentrations of dopamine (DA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter located in restricted, but functionally important, areas such as the striatum. Whether the presynaptic DA nerve endings represent potential targets for anesthetics remains unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an intervention designed to improve postoperative pain assessment and recording by nurses. METHODS This cluster randomized clinical trial included two intervals of 3 months each: a preintervention observational study (period 1) followed by a period of intervention (period 2). Six surgical(More)
The serum and urinary concentrations of pancuronium were measured in 14 surgical patients with cirrhosis and 12 patients free from liver disease undergoing abdominal surgery. A two-compartment open model was used in the pharmacokinetic analysis of the data. A two-fold increase in both the distribution half-life (T 1/2 alpha) from 11 min to 24 min and in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and compare procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations after cardiac surgery in uncomplicated patients and in patients with perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). DESIGN Retrospective comparative study. SETTING One university hospital. PATIENTS Fifty-eight adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. INTERVENTION None. MEASUREMENTS(More)