J M Davet

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NIH-R1 and R2 missions, conducted by NASA, allowed us to study the effects of the microgravitational environment 1) on cardiac ANP in pregnant rats, spaceflown for 11 days and dissected after a 2-day readaptation to Earth's gravity, after natural delivery, and 2) on maturation of cardiac ANP system in rat fetuses developed for 11 days in space and dissected(More)
The study of the influence of weightlessness on fertilization and embryonic development of a vertebrate is of importance in the understanding of basic embryogenesis and in the preparation of the future exploration of space. Accordingly, specific hardware was designed to perform experiments on board the MIR space station with an amphibian vertebrate model,(More)
Specific alpha-rat 28-amino acid atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP(99-126)] (rANP) binding sites in choroid plexus and meningia of rats flown for 9 days on the mission STS-40 (SLS-1) carried on the space shuttle Columbia in June 1991 were analyzed after incubation of brain sections with 125I-rANP and autoradiography, using computer-assisted microdensitometric(More)
Structural changes observed in choroid plexuses from rats dissected aboard a space shuttle, on day 13 of an orbital flight (NASA STS-58 mission, SLS-2 Experiments) demonstrated that choroidal epithelial cells display a modified organization in a microgravitational environment. Results were compared with ultrastructural observations of choroid plexus from(More)
Pleurodeles waltl (amphibian, Urodele) is an appropriate biological model for space experiments on a vertebrate. One reason for interest in this animal concerns the study of the effects of absence of gravity on embryonic development. First, after mating (on Earth) the females retain live, functional sperm in their cloacum for up to 5 months, allowing normal(More)
Cellular distributions of ezrin, a cytoskeletal protein involved in apical cell differentiation in choroid plexus, and carbonic anhydrase II, which is partly involved in the cerebrospinal fluid production, were studied by immunocytochemistry, at the level of choroidal epithelial cells from the lateral, third and fourth ventricles in normal or experimental(More)
Fluid and electrolyte shifts occurring during human spaceflight have been reported and investigated at the level of blood, cardiovascular and renal responses. Very few data were available concerning the cerebral fluid and electrolyte adaptation to microgravity, even in animal models. It is the reason why we developed several studies focused on the effects(More)
To determine when choroidal structures were restored after readaptation to Earth gravity or orthostatic position, fine structure and protein distribution were studied in rat choroid plexus dissected either 6 h [Space Life Sciences-2 (SLS-2) experiments] or 2 days [National Institutes of Health-Rodent 1 (NIH-R1) experiments] after a spaceflight, or 6 h after(More)