J M Darville

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The possibility of transmission of virus particles from patient to patient by multi-use silver nitrate sticks and styptic pencils and by cotton wool swabs that have been dipped repeatedly into Dewar flasks of liquid nitrogen was studied. The results showed that transmission by the sticks and pencils is unlikely but that virus particles can be transferred(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) was isolated from the corneal discs of six patients with herpes simplex keratitis, which were removed during penetrating keratoplasty and then cultured in vitro. The demonstration of persistent infection in stromal keratitis, even when the condition is quiescent, emphasizes the need for antiviral agents in treatment. The findings(More)
A family outbreak of gastroenteritis involving three adults and three children is described in which diarrhoea and vomiting were the main clinical features. One infant died in whom no pathogens could be detected in either small or large intestinal postmortem samples. Stool samples from two symptomatic siblings contained rotaviruses as demonstrated by(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) was isolated from organ cultures of anterior segments of the eyes of mice inoculated with virus on the snout or directly onto the cornea at least 5 weeks previously. The frequency of isolation of the virus was not decreased by treatment of the animals with acyclovir, suggesting that the virus is latent by the criteria usually(More)
Over a 3-month period, four patients who had received unrelated donor (UD) bone marrow transplants (BMT) presented with severe mucocutaneous herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection while receiving acyclovir (ACV) prophylaxis. Sensitivity testing of the isolates revealed three to be acyclovir-resistant and in one patient the infection was also characterised by(More)
An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system which detects and simultaneously types herpes simplex virus antigens in clinical specimens from patients with genital herpes has been compared with standard tissue culture isolation. Although more sensitive than a similar method previously described and also more sensitive than electron microscopy and(More)
Over a period of several weeks during the summer of 1996, samples of sewage, sea water, river water, sand and silt were collected from a sewage works at Weston-super-Mare, England and from coastal areas nearby. A sensitive reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to search for human astrovirus (HAstV) RNA in concentrates of the(More)
A miniaturised, simplified and rapid method for typing and subtyping herpes simplex virus by restriction enzyme analysis of radioactively labelled DNA is described. This method requires far less label than those described previously, giving advantages in both cost and safety and therefore in its suitability for use in a routine laboratory. It produces(More)
Neutralising antibody was studied in mice infected in the ear with herpes simplex virus type 1. Antibody was detected six days after infection and after one month it had reached titres which subsequently varied little. Geometric group mean titres were doubled by reinoculation of virus whereas recurrent disease induced by trauma did not change them (although(More)