J M Croop

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The emergence and outgrowth of a population of tumour cells resistant to multiple drugs is a major problem in the chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. We have used highly drug-resistant cell lines developed in vitro to study the molecular basis of multidrug resistance. In these cell lines high levels of resistance are frequently associated with(More)
The multidrug-resistant P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a M(r) 170,000 plasma membrane protein encoded by the mammalian multidrug resistance gene (MDR1), appears to function as an energy-dependent efflux pump. Many of the drugs that interact with Pgp are lipophilic and cationic at physiological pH. We tested the hypothesis that the synthetic gamma-emitting(More)
The complete nucleotide and primary structure (1276 amino acids) of a full length mdr cDNA capable of conferring a complete multidrug-resistant phenotype is presented. The deduced amino acid sequence suggests that mdr is a membrane glycoprotein which includes six pairs of transmembrane domains and a cluster of potentially N-linked glycosylation sites near(More)
Cytochalasin B (CB) induces a biphasic retraction is some cell types. The rapid response that peaks in 30 min leads to the "dendritic" condition. Replicating myogenic and fibrogenic cells, as well as postmitotic myoblasts and myotubes, participate in this reaction. This is followed by a slower phase that requires 40 h for stabilization and leads to the(More)
Recent studies have shown that tumor cells genetically modified by transduction of B7-1, a natural ligand for the T-cell costimulatory molecules CD28 and CTLA-4, are rejected in syngeneic hosts. In these reports, transformed cell lines and drug-selected cells have been used for vaccinations. To determine the effectiveness of B7-1-transduced primary acute(More)
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