J M Chignon

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Though the concept of impulsiveness is controversial, there are many attempts being made to measure this dimension. In this context, only psychometric measures are widely considered valid and are routinely in use. Barratt developed the first scale that specifically measured impulsiveness. Subsequently, various refinements have improved the validity of(More)
Both epidemiological and clinical studies have demonstrated a high prevalence of panic disorder among alcoholic patients. In contrast, little attention has been given to studying alcohol abuse and/or dependence in patients suffering from panic disorder. One hundred and fifty-five consecutive referrals for treatment for panic disorder were interviewed using(More)
In a clinical sample of 100 outpatients with panic disorder, 42% had a history of suicide attempt. Female sex and being single, divorced, or widowed were associated with an increased risk of suicide attempt. Thirty-one (73.8%) of the suicide attempts occurred after the first panic attack and 27 (64.3%) after the onset of panic disorder. Eighty-eight of(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the relative impact of co-mobidity and of symptom severity on the costs of caring for patients with generalized anxiety disorders (GAD). One thousand and forty-two patients with GAD according to DSM III-R were observed by psychiatrists using a cross-sectional methodology. Demographic, clinical, therapeutic as well as(More)
The concept of addiction is now of interest in psychiatry, but is a great subject of controversies. It is now recognized that as different disorders as alcoholism, drug addiction, bulimia, kleptomania, trichotillomania, pathological gambling are to be considered as addictive states. Other pathological behaviours could be included in the addictive spectrum(More)
Clinical, neurobiological and neuropsychological hypotheses suggest that the dimension of alcohol craving includes the concept of both obsessive thoughts about alcohol use and compulsive behaviors toward drinking. Anton et al. (1995) developed a 14 items self-rating scale, the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) which includes items for assessing(More)