We consider scalar field theories in dimensions lower than four in the context of the Wegner-Houghton renormalization group equations (WHRG). The renormalized trajectory makes a non-perturbative interpolation between the ultraviolet and the infrared scaling regimes. Strong indication is found that in two dimensions and below the models with polynomial… (More)
We have searched for solar axions or similar particles that couple to two photons by using the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) setup with improved conditions in all detectors. From the absence of excess X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set an upper limit on the axion-photon coupling of g aγ < 8.8×10 −11 GeV −1 at 95% CL for m a ∼ < 0.02… (More)
One of the three X-ray detectors of the CAST experiment searching for solar axions is a Time Projection Chamber (TPC) with a multi-wire proportional counter (MWPC) as a readout structure. Its design has been optimized to provide high sensitivity to the detection of the low intensity X-ray signal expected in the CAST experiment. A low hardware threshold of… (More)
The connection between Lorentz invariance violation and noncommutativity of fields in a quantum field theory is investigated. A new dispersion relation for a free field theory with just one additional noncommutative parameter is obtained. While values for the noncommutative scale much larger than 10 −20 eV −1 are ruled out by the present experimental… (More)
Generalizing the noncommutative harmonic oscillator construction, we propose a new extension of quantum field theory based on the concept of " noncommutative fields ". Our description permits to break the usual particle-antiparticle degeneracy at the dispersion relation level and introduces naturally an ultraviolet and an infrared cutoff. Phenomenological… (More)
The aim of this experiment was to assess the effects of four different feeding programs designed to include tallow, a saturated fat at 0, 8, 12, and 28 d prior to slaughter on female broiler performance and the deposition, fatty acid profile, and melting point of abdominal fat. The following treatment groups were established according to dietary… (More)
We have searched for solar axions or other pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons by using the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) setup. Whereas we previously have reported results from CAST with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I), setting limits on lower mass axions, here we report results from CAST where the magnet bores were filled with 4 He gas… (More)
The order and the nature of the finite-temperature phase transition of QCD with two flavors of dynamical quarks is investigated. An analysis of the critical exponent of the specific heat is performed through finite-size and finite-mass scaling of various susceptibilities. Dual superconductivity of QCD vacuum is investigated using a disorder parameter,… (More)
We report on evidence from lattice simulations that confinement is produced by dual su-perconductivity of the vacuum in full QCD as in quenched QCD. Preliminary information is obtained on the order of the deconfining phase transition.
We present evidence that in full QCD with two dynamical quarks confinement is produced by dual supercon-ductivity of the vacuum as in the quenched theory. Preliminary information is obtained on the nature of the deconfining transition.