J M Calés

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Sex steroids during the perinatal period are able to modify the postnatal development of neurons within steroid-sensitive areas in the rat brain. This study was designed to test the possible influence of the early postnatal levels of sex steroids on the morphology of the astrocytes. The experimental manipulation of the neonatal levels of sex steroids was(More)
The effects of postnatal male castration on day 1 (D1) after birth and female androgenization on accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) light and dark granule cell populations were studied. Control males showed a greater number of both light and dark AOB granule cells than females. Postnatal treatment reversed these differences in the light granule cells. Female(More)
In the present study the regulatory action of the non-aromatic androgen dihydrotestoterone (DHT) on the volume of the sexually dimorphic bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract (BAOT) was investigated. Postnatal treatment with DHT (180 micrograms day-1) between days 6 and 20 (D6-D20) induced, in gonadally intact male rats, a drastic reduction in the(More)
The regulatory action of the non-aromatizable androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on sexual differentiation of the volume of the rat accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) was studied. Postnatal treatment with DHT (180 micrograms/day) carried out daily between days 6 and 20 produced a drastic reduction in overall AOB size and that of its constituent neural layers in(More)
The volume and neuron number of the sexually dimorphic accessory olfactory bulb and locus coeruleus are altered by early postnatal exposure (from the day of birth to postnatal day 16) to diazepam. After diazepam treatment, both volume and neuron number were decreased in the male accessory olfactory bulb and in the female locus coeruleus. These results(More)
The present study examines the effects of pre and/or early postnatal administration of diazepam on the mitral cell and on the light and dark granule cell populations in the sexually dimorphic accessory olfactory bulb of the rat. Quantitative differences related to sex were observed in the numbers of the three types of neurons, with vehicle males showing(More)
In the present work the existence of sex differences (Experiment 1) on the acquisition and extinction of a continuously reinforced response in a short and narrow runway (100 x 9 x 10 cm) were investigated. In addition to the investigation of the basic sex differences in Experiment 1, the effect of postpuberal gonadectomy of male and female rats and the role(More)
In the present study the organizational effects of sex steroids on the sexually dimorphic extinction of a continuously food-rewarded running response were investigated. Gonadally intact female rats neonatally treated from day 1 to day 8 of the postnatal life with estradiol benzoate (EB), dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or vehicle, and males treated in the same(More)
The effects of early postnatal dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and estradiol on the sexually dimorphic continuously reinforced lever-pressing response were investigated. 90-day-old male rats postnatally treated (during the first eight days of postnatal life) with cyproterone acetate (CA), tamoxifen (TX) or vehicle, and 90-day-old females treated with estradiol(More)
The effects of prenatal and/or early postnatal diazepam (DZ) administration on open field activity and continuously reinforced lever-pressing response were studied. Rat pups of both sexes were prenatally (during the last week of pregnancy) and/or postnatally (from the day of birth to day 16) daily exposed to a 2.5 mg/kg dose of DZ. At the age of 60 days all(More)