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Sex steroids during the perinatal period are able to modify the postnatal development of neurons within steroid-sensitive areas in the rat brain. This study was designed to test the possible influence of the early postnatal levels of sex steroids on the morphology of the astrocytes. The experimental manipulation of the neonatal levels of sex steroids was(More)
In the present study the regulatory action of the non-aromatic androgen dihydrotestoterone (DHT) on the volume of the sexually dimorphic bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract (BAOT) was investigated. Postnatal treatment with DHT (180 micrograms day-1) between days 6 and 20 (D6-D20) induced, in gonadally intact male rats, a drastic reduction in the(More)
Baclofen is used for the treatment of post-traumatic spasticity. It carries a risk of overdose as well as of an acute withdrawal syndrome. We report two cases of severe hypertonia and hyperthermia (> 42 degrees C), occurring after accidental discontinuation of intrathecal infusion of baclofen. Both hypertonia and hyperthermia ceased when administration of(More)
In the present study the existence of sex differences in the acquisition, retraining and reversal of a successive conditional discrimination learning (Experiment 1) and the role of the early postnatal gonadal steroids on these discrimination tasks (Experiment 2) were investigated. In Experiment 1 two groups of experimentally naive rats (males and females)(More)
The effects of postnatal male castration on day 1 (D1) after birth and female androgenization on accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) light and dark granule cell populations were studied. Control males showed a greater number of both light and dark AOB granule cells than females. Postnatal treatment reversed these differences in the light granule cells. Female(More)
The present study examines the effects of pre and/or early postnatal administration of diazepam on the mitral cell and on the light and dark granule cell populations in the sexually dimorphic accessory olfactory bulb of the rat. Quantitative differences related to sex were observed in the numbers of the three types of neurons, with vehicle males showing(More)
The regulatory action of the non-aromatizable androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on sexual differentiation of the volume of the rat accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) was studied. Postnatal treatment with DHT (180 micrograms/day) carried out daily between days 6 and 20 produced a drastic reduction in overall AOB size and that of its constituent neural layers in(More)
The volume and neuron number of the sexually dimorphic accessory olfactory bulb and locus coeruleus are altered by early postnatal exposure (from the day of birth to postnatal day 16) to diazepam. After diazepam treatment, both volume and neuron number were decreased in the male accessory olfactory bulb and in the female locus coeruleus. These results(More)
UNLABELLED In neurosurgery, estimation of PaCO2 from PETCO2 has been questioned. The aim of this study was to reevaluate the accuracy of PETCO2 in estimating PaCO2 during neurosurgical procedures lasting >3 h and to measure the effect of surgical positioning on arterial to end-tidal CO2 gradient (P[a-ET]CO2) over time. One hundred four neurosurgical(More)
Diazepam (DZ) administration over prenatal, postnatal, and pre plus postnatal periods altered the normal expression of the morphological sex differences of the LC. Males were affected only by the prenatal exposure and the effect of this exposure produced an increase in the volume and neuron number of male's LC. By contrast, females were affected by both pre(More)