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Numerous imaging techniques have been developed and applied to evaluate brain hemodynamics. Among these are: Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), Xenon-enhanced Computed Tomography (XeCT), Dynamic Perfusion-computed Tomography (PCT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast (DSC), Arterial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) constitute a contrast agent that accumulates in cells from the mononuclear phagocytic system. In the CNS they may accumulate in phagocytic cells such as macrophages. The goal of this study was to compare USPIO-enhanced MR images with conventional T2-weighted images and gadolinium-enhanced(More)
Cell-specific imaging has been proposed to increase the potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for tissue analysis. The hypothezis of the present work was that following intravenous injection of ultra-small particle iron oxide, a contrast agent that accumulates in mononuclear phagocyte cells, macrophages with iron burden would be detectable by MRI(More)
1. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 1.5 T was used to investigate the lateralization of prefrontal cortex activity during internal mental calculation in 16 human volunteers (8 right-handed and 8 left-handed). Subjects were asked to perform two different tasks: 1) a serial subtraction of prime numbers and 2) a control task in which they(More)
The neuronal network involved in a precise type of calculation procedure, mental subtraction, was investigated by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging. Two tasks were used requiring covert production of numbers: (1) with calculation; (2) without calculation. During the first task, activation was observed in the left dorsolateral prefrontal and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 1.5 T was used to investigate the influence of cognitive strategies on cortical activation during mental calculation. Twenty-nine right-handed subjects performed a serial subtraction of prime numbers. Even though a common corpus of brain areas was activated during this mental calculation, differences appeared(More)
The posterior and anterior longitudinal ligaments of the lumbar spine appear on magnetic resonance (MR) images as thin lines of very low signal intensity in all spin-echo sequences. They cover the periphery of the outer fibers of the anulus fibrosus on sagittal images. The lumbar spine of 17 patients with 19 disk herniations was prospectively evaluated with(More)
A father and son with agenesis of the corpus callosum are described. An 11-year-old boy underwent clinical examination because of poor school performance. On physical and mental examinations he was normal, except for an enlarged head. Computerized tomographic (CT) scan showed agenesis of the corpus callosum. The patient's father also had an enlarged head.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammatory multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions are characterized by microglia activation and infiltration of T cells, B cells, and macrophages across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) rat model of MS, previous MR imaging investigations with a new contrast agent ultra-small-particle(More)
Cervical spine trauma occurs frequently in front-line rugby players. To evaluate the accumulative effects of this trauma, magnetic resonance imaging scans of the cervical spine were performed on 47 rugby players and 40 age-matched control subjects. The aim of this study was to compare the changes in the cervical spine of players at different points in their(More)