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While the positive role of macrophytes on removal efficiency in constructed wetlands has been well established, possible differences in performance between plants species of comparable life forms and sizes are much harder to demonstrate. We reviewed 35 experimental studies published in peer-reviewed journals and proceedings on the effect of macrophyte(More)
It is often assumed that planted wastewater treatment systems outperform unplanted ones, mainly because plants stimulate belowground microbial population. Yet, fundamental interactions between plants and associated microorganisms remain only partly understood. The aim of our project was to evaluate microbial density and activity associated to the(More)
Mice were immunized with bovine serum albumin (BSA) entrapped within archaeosomes (i.e. liposomes) composed of the total polar lipids (TPL) from the two methanogenic archaea common to the human digestive tract. Methanobrevibacter smithii archaeosomes boosted serum anti-BSA antibody to titers comparable to those achieved with Freund's adjuvant, whereas(More)
Freshwater trout farms need a high and continuous clean water flow to keep fish exposed to a non-toxic ammonium concentration. As a result, the concentration of effluents from these farms are even below standard effluent criteria for municipal wastewater effluent for solids, nitrogen and phosphorus. Nevertheless, the mass of pollutants discharged,(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method using a fused-core silica particle packing was evaluated to allow fast and efficient separation for the analysis of pharmaceutical compounds. Fused-core particles are produced by "fusing" a porous silica layer onto a solid silica particle. The efficiencies of columns packed with 2.7 microm "fused-core"(More)
The permeability of six peptidic hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors, with molecular weights ranging from 500 to 780, was examined in the Caco-2 cell system. All six compounds permeated the cells transcellularly; paracellular permeability, evaluated in the Caco-2 cell system by reducing the calcium concentration in the media to increase the pore(More)
A direct injection method based on a single column and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of two drug candidates in monkey plasma samples in support of pharmacodynamic studies. Each diluted monkey plasma sample containing internal standard was directly injected(More)
Direct plasma injection technology coupled with a LC-MS/MS assay provides fast and straightforward method development and greatly reduces the time for the tedious sample preparation procedures. In this work, a simple and sensitive bioanalytical method based on direct plasma injection using a single column high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the major cause of chronic liver disease, leading to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, which affects more than 170 million people worldwide. Currently the only therapeutic regimens are subcutaneous interferon-alpha or polyethylene glycol (PEG)-interferon-alpha alone or in combination with oral ribavirin. Although(More)
Introduction of various modified prolines at P(2) and optimization of the P(1) side chain led to the discovery of SCH6 (24, Table 2), a potent ketoamide inhibitor of the HCV NS3 serine protease. In addition to excellent enzyme potency (K(i)*= 3.8 nM), 24 was also found to be a potent inhibitor of HCV subgenomic RNA replication with IC(50) and IC(90) of 40(More)