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The purpose of this study was to compare moving-table three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE MRA), using 1.0-mol gadobutrol, with intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (i.a. DSA) for evaluation of pelvic and peripheral arteries in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. A total of 203 patients were(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction and increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content have both been implicated in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the relative contributions of these two factors in the aetiology of diabetes are unknown. As obesity is an independent determinant of IMCL content, we examined mitochondrial(More)
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a potentially curable cause of renovascular hypertension (RVH) and is caused by either atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) in the vast majority of patients. Although intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IA-DSA) is still considered the standard of reference test for the anatomical diagnosis of RAS,(More)
Background: To evaluate the feasibility of a high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique in detailed imaging of the anal sphincter and lower pelvic region without the use of an endoluminal coil. Methods: MRIs with an external phased array coil (T1- and T2-weighted turbo spin echo) were performed in 22 volunteers and 12 patients with an anal(More)
Atherosclerotic disease of the lower extremities is a common disorder in western society. Its debilitating nature calls for accurate diagnosis and treatment. The gold standard for diagnosing this disease by depiction of vessel morphology is X-ray angiography (either conventional or digital subtraction angiography). However, the invasive nature of this(More)
Background: We compared high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of tumor infiltration in surrounding structures for locally advanced primary and recurrent rectal cancer. Methods: Twenty-six patients with operable, locally advanced rectal cancer (15 recurrent and 11 primary) were evaluated with(More)
Abundant data now link composition of the vascular wall, rather than the degree of luminal narrowing, with the risk for acute ischemic syndromes in the coronary, central nervous system, and peripheral arterial beds. Over the past few years, magnetic resonance angiography has evolved as a well-established method to determine the location and severity of(More)
Neurointerventional procedures can involve very high doses of radiation to the patient. Our purpose was to quantify the exposure of patients and workers during such procedures, and to use the data for optimisation. We monitored the coiling of 27 aneurysms, and embolisation of four arteriovenous malformations. We measured entrance doses at the skull of the(More)
In order to investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound in children with recurrent abdominal pain and to estimate the clinical relevance of rare organic causes of abdominal pain in these patients, we prospectively examined 93 children aged between, 5.5 and 12 years by means of abdominal ultrasound. In 3 patients (3.2%) an anatomic abnormality was(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of breath-hold and respiratory triggered phase-contrast (PC) MR imaging techniques in the measurement of renal artery blood flow. In 12 healthy subjects cardiac-gated PC flow measurements were obtained in the renal arteries using a breath-hold and a respiratory-triggered technique. The(More)