J Lorenzana

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High-temperature superconductors exhibit a characteristic hourglass-shaped spectrum of magnetic fluctuations which most likely contribute to the pairing glue in the cuprates. Recent neutron scattering experiments in strongly underdoped compounds have revealed a significant low energy anisotropy of these fluctuations which we explain by a model in which(More)
We perform a systematic slave-boson mean-field analysis of the three-band model for cuprates with first-principle parameters. Contrary to widespread belief based on earlier mean-field computations low doping stripes have a linear density close to 1/2 added hole per lattice constant. We find a dimensional crossover from 1D to 2D at doping approximately 0.1(More)
In several materials, unconventional superconductivity appears nearby a quantum phase transition where long-range magnetic order vanishes as a function of a control parameter like charge doping, pressure or magnetic field. The nature of the quantum phase transition is of key relevance, because continuous transitions are expected to favour superconductivity,(More)
Within the time-dependent Gutzwiller approximation for the Hubbard model we compute the magnetic fluctuations of vertical metallic stripes with parameters appropriate for La(1.875)Ba(0.125)CuO(4) (LBCO). For bond- and site-centered stripes the excitation spectra are similar, consisting of a low-energy incommensurate acoustic branch which merges into a(More)
Cupric oxide is multiferroic at unusually high temperatures. From density functional calculations we find that the low-T magnetic phase is paraelectric, and the higher-T one is ferroelectric with a size and direction of polarization in good agreement with experiments. By mapping the ab initio results on to an effective spin model, we show that the system(More)
We study the dynamics of metallic vertical stripes in cuprates within the three-band Hubbard model based on a recently developed time-dependent Gutzwiller approximation. As doping increases, the optical conductivity shows transfer of spectral weight from the charge-transfer band towards (i) an incoherent band centered at 1.3 eV, (ii) a Drude peak, due(More)
A supercooled liquid is said to have a kinetic spinodal if a temperature Tsp exists below which the liquid relaxation time exceeds the crystal nucleation time. We revisit classical nucleation theory taking into account the viscoelastic response of the liquid to the formation of crystal nuclei and find that the kinetic spinodal is strongly influenced by(More)
Edoardo Baldini,1,2 Andreas Mann,1 Benjamin P. P. Mallett,3 Christopher Arrell,2 Frank van Mourik,2 Thomas Wolf,4 Dragan Mihailovic,5 Jeffrey L. Tallon,6 Christian Bernhard,3 José Lorenzana,7 and Fabrizio Carbone1 1Laboratory for Ultrafast Microscopy and Electron Scattering, IPHYS, EPFL, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland 2Laboratory of Ultrafast Spectroscopy,(More)
We consider the attractive Hubbard model with on-site disorder as a prototype of a disordered superconductor. We solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations on two-dimensional finite clusters at zero temperature and evaluate the electromagnetic response to a vector potential. We find that the standard decoupling between transverse and longitudinal response(More)
Empirical evidence in heavy fermion, pnictide and other systems suggests that unconventional superconductivity appears associated to some form of real-space electronic order. For the cuprates, despite several proposals, the emergence of order in the phase diagram between the commensurate antiferromagnetic state and the superconducting state is not well(More)