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The MPEG-4 Part-10 AVC/H.264 standard employs several powerful coding methods to obtain high compression efficiency. To reduce the temporal and spatial redundancy more effectively, motion compensation uses variable block sizes, and directional intra prediction investigates all available coding modes to decide the best one. When the rate-distortion (R-D)(More)
In this paper, we present the latest advancements of sub 50 nm InGaAs/lnAIAs/lnP high electron mobility transistor (InP HEMT) devices that have achieved extrapolated Fmax above 1 THz. This extrapolation is both based on unilateral gain (1.2 THz) and maximum stable gain/maximum available gain (1.1 THz) extrapolations, with an associated fT of 385 GHz. This(More)
Organic matter frequently represents the single largest fraction of fine particulates in urban environments and yet the exact contributions from different sources and processes remain uncertain, owing in part to its substantial chemical complexity. Positive Matrix Factorisation (PMF) has recently proved to be a powerful tool for the purposes of source(More)
In this letter, low noise amplification at 0.67 THz is demonstrated for the first time. A packaged InP High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT) amplifier is reported to achieve a noise figure of 13 dB with an associated gain greater than 7 dB at 670 GHz using a high f<sub>MAX</sub> InP HEMT transistors in a 5 stage coplanar waveguide integrated circuit. A(More)
A fuel cell was used to enrich a microbial consortium generating electricity, using organic wastewater as the fuel. Within 30 days of enrichment the maximum current of 0.2 mA was generated with a resistance of 1 kΩ. Current generation was coupled to a fall in chemical oxygen demand from over 1,700 mg l−1 down to 50 mg l−1. Denaturing gradient gel(More)
Fuzzy rough sets are the generalization of traditional rough sets to deal with both fuzziness and vagueness in data. The existing researches on fuzzy rough sets are mainly concentrated on the construction of approximation operators. Less effort has been put on the attributes reduction of databases with fuzzy rough sets. This paper mainly focuses on the(More)
In this population-based study, we determined the incidence rates of hip fracture among Singapore residents aged 50 years and above. Information was obtained from a centralized database system which captured admissions with the primary diagnosis of a closed hip fracture (ICD-9 codes 820, 820.0, 820.2 and 820.8, n= 12 927) from all health care establishments(More)
This paper reports quantitative topographical measurements using a heated atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever probe. The study compares opographies measured by the cantilever thermal signal to topographies measured by the laser-deflection signal of an AFM system. The experiment sed 20 and 100 nm tall Si gratings as topographical test samples. The(More)
In this paper, we study the fairness problem in multi-hop wireless backhaul networks in the presence of selfish transit access points (TAPs). We design an incentive-based mechanism which encourages TAPs to forward data for other TAPs, and thus eliminates the location-dependent unfairness problem in the backhaul network. We prove the correctness and(More)