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Painful diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of insulin-dependent diabetes in man. Conflicting results have been obtained in experimentally diabetic animals subjected to pain stimuli. This work aimed to systematically study the response of rats made diabetic (hyperglycemia > or = 14 mM) by injection of streptozocin (STZ) (75 mg/kg,(More)
The streptozocin-induced diabetic rat has been put forward as a model of chronic pain with signs of hyperalgesia and allodynia that may reflect signs observed in diabetic humans. The aim of this work was to assess, in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats, the pharmacological activity to several analgesic drugs known to be effective (clomipramine,(More)
The present study was designed to investigate which subtypes of spinal 5-HT receptors are involved in 5-HT-induced antinociception using the mechanical pain test. Serotonin and various selective antagonists or agonists for 5-HT receptor subtypes (5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C), 5-HT(3) and 5-HT(4)) were administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats. The(More)
Rats (Sprague-Dawley), submitted to a mechanical noxious stimulus (paw pressure), were tested to determine 1) the antinociceptive effects of p.o. (200, 400 and 800 mg/kg), i.v. (50, 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) and intrathecal (i.t.) (100 and 200 micrograms/rat) administrations of paracetamol; 2) the influence of i.t. administered tropisetron, a(More)
The effects of eight antitumoral drugs known to cause anaphylactoid side effects in clinical use were studied in dogs. Blood pressure, heart rate, and blood and plasma histamine levels were monitored. L-asparaginase, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, bleomycin, and cisplatin had no effect on these parameters. Doxorubicin, Vehem (teniposide), and Vepeside(More)
The involvement of serotonin (5-HT) in the modulation of nociceptive impulse in the spinal cord has been widely studied. However, its activity, considering the nature of noxious stimuli and the type of 5-HT receptors involved, merits to be further elucidated. The present behavioural study was performed to compare the dose-antinociceptive effect relationship(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the changes of the nociceptive thresholds in response to an acute mechanical stimulus (paw pressure) in magnesium (Mg)-deficient rats, and the involvement of the NMDA receptor in these changes. Changes in vocalization thresholds was determined after 7 days of feeding with a Mg-depleted diet. Compared with the control(More)
The antinociceptive effect of the octapeptide vapreotide, an analog of somatostatin, was studied after systemic injection in normal mice using the hot plate and abdominal stretching assays, and in normal rats using the paw pressure analgesiometric assay. Vapreotide was ineffective at 1 microgram/kg s.c. in the hot plate test in mice, but 30 min after(More)
A similar pattern of psychosexual disorders has been observed after long-term treatment with levodopa therapy in four male parkinsonian patients treated with apomorphine for severe on-off motor fluctuations. An acute episode in each case had led them to the hospital in the context of a psychiatric emergency (after punishable sexual acts in two cases). In(More)
Painful neuropathy is common in human diabetes. In rats, experimental diabetes results in altered pain sensitivity. We examined the effect of chronic insulin treatment on diabetes-induced hyperalgesia in streptozocin diabetic rats. A 20-week period of diabetes resulted in a 62% decrease in paw withdrawal thresholds compared with age-matched normal rats.(More)