J Langenfeld

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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its ligand transforming growth factor (TGF) alpha are hypothesized to form an autocrine growth loop in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to play an important role in tumor formation and progression. We studied the association between overexpression of EGFR, TGF-alpha, or both, and overall survival of(More)
Morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) is normally expressed in the embryo promoting the development of several organs. Aberrant expression of BMP-2 occurs in approximately 98% of lung carcinomas, however, its role in regulating tumor growth is poorly understood. We show that BMP-2 induces Id-1 expression in lung cancer cell lines through its activation of(More)
The retinoids are reported to reduce incidence of second primary aerodigestive cancers. Mechanisms for this chemoprevention are previously linked to all-trans retinoic acid (RA) signaling growth inhibition at G1 in carcinogen-exposed immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells. This study investigated how RA suppresses human bronchial epithelial cell(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase enzyme activity is not detected in most normal cells, a phenomenon believed to be associated with limitations on cellular proliferation. Since this activity is detected in nearly all human tumors, including non-small-cell lung cancers, it has been suggested that telomerase activation may be coupled to acquisition of the malignant(More)
The retinoids are reported to chemoprevent second aerodigestive tract cancers in patients with prior lung or head and neck cancers. Since those retinoids already examined in clinical trials do not induce major clinical responses in lung cancers, it is hypothesized that the beneficial chemoprevention activity in lung neoplasias occurs within 'fields' of(More)
The retinoids are reported to reduce second primary aerodigestive tract tumors in patients with prior lung or head and neck carcinomas. Yet, the optimal retinoid useful for chemoprevention and those mechanisms linked to this chemoprevention are not identified. This study reports an in vitro model for carcinogen-induced transformation of immortalized human(More)
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