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A null mutation was generated in the mouse RXR alpha gene by targeted disruption. Growth deficiency occurred in heterozygote mice. Null mutants died in utero and displayed myocardial and ocular malformations. These malformations belong to the fetal vitamin A deficiency syndrome, supporting the idea that RXR alpha is involved in retinoid signaling in vivo. A(More)
Glial cells constitute the second component of the nervous system and are important during neuronal development. In this paper we describe a gene, glial cell deficient, (glide), that is necessary for glial cell fate commitment in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations at the glide locus prevent glial cell determination in the embryonic central and peripheral(More)
Delta opioid receptors participate to the control of chronic pain and emotional responses. Recent data also identified their implication in spatial memory and drug-context associations pointing to a critical role of hippocampal delta receptors. We examined the distribution of delta receptor-expressing cells in the hippocampus using fluorescent knock-in mice(More)
This study provides a detailed description of the anatomical defects in the Hoxa-1-/- mutant mice previously generated in our laboratory (T. Lufkin, A. Dierich, M. LeMeur, M. Mark and P. Chambon, 1991; Cell 66, 1105-1119). Three-dimensional reconstructions of the Hoxa-1-/- rhombencephalon reveals that it bears only five rhombomeric structures (ie.(More)
Early stages of tooth development in the maxillary cheek region in the mouse were investigated by combined analysis of histological sections, computer assisted 3D reconstructions and morphometry. In ED 12.5 embryos, 3D reconstructions revealed an accessory epithelial bud (R1) and a large bud (R2), which appeared as a single bud-shaped epithelium in frontal(More)
Previous pharmacological studies have indicated the possible existence of functional interactions between mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors in the CNS. We have investigated this issue using a genetic approach. Here we describe in vitro and in vivo functional activity of delta- and kappa-opioid receptors in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor (MOR).(More)
Some neurons and glial cells originate from neuroblasts and glioblasts, stem cells that delaminate from the ectoderm of developing fly embryos. A second class of glial cells and neurons differentiates from multipotent precursors, the neuroglioblasts. The differentiation of both glial cell types depends on glial cell deficient/glial cell missing (glide/gcm).(More)
The specific arrangement of mouse dentition in each dental quadrant (1-0-0-3) is supposed to result from the initiation of two independent dental laminae--one for the incisor and one for the three molars. In order to verify whether the adult mouse dental pattern really corresponds to the initial patterning, an analysis of development of the mouse antemolar(More)
Each of 30 Drosophila larval somatic muscles has its individual shape, insertion sites and innervation. From the very beginning, the formation of individual muscles is controlled by a set of muscle identity genes. The four lateral transverse muscles (LT1-LT4) are thought to be specified by the combinatorial activity of Krüppel (Kr), apterous (ap) and muscle(More)
In the mouse embryonic maxilla, rudimentary tooth primordia have been identified, which can be mistaken for the first upper molar. In order to determine whether such a situation might exist in the lower jaw as well, tooth development was investigated in the mouse mandibular cheek region during ED 12.5-15.0. A combination of histology, morphometry and(More)