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Using galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS), we tested whether a change in vestibular input at the onset of goal-directed arm movements induces deviations in arm trajectory. Eight head-fixed standing subjects were instructed to reach for memorized visual targets in complete darkness. In half of the trials, randomly-selected, a 3 mA bipolar binaural galvanic(More)
The role of ocular muscle proprioception in the localization of visual targets has been investigated in normal humans by deviating one eye to create an experimental strabismus. The passively deviated eye was covered and the other eye viewed the target. With a hand-pointing task, targets were systematically mislocalized in the direction of the deviated(More)
The role of proprioception in the control and adaptation of visuomotor relationships is still unclear. We have studied a deafferented subject, IW, and control subjects in a task in which they used single joint elbow extension to move to a visual target, with visual feedback of the terminal position provided by a cursor displayed in the plane of their(More)
A number of processes have been identified that adaptively modify oculomotor control components. The adaptive process studied here can be reliably produced over a short period of time by a visual stimulus that forces postsaccadic error. This short-term adaptive process, usually termed parametric adaptation, consists of a change in response amplitude that(More)
The aim of this study was to examine coordination control in eye and hand tracking of visual targets. We studied eye tracking of a self-moved target, and simultaneous eye and hand tracking of an external visual target moving horizontally on a screen. Predictive features of eye-hand coordination control were studied by introducing a delay (0 to 450 ms)(More)
We evaluated the role of visual and non-visual information in the control of smooth pursuit movements during tracking of a self-moved target. Previous works have shown that self-moved target tracking is characterised by shorter smooth pursuit latency and higher maximal velocity than eye-alone tracking. In fact, when a subject tracks a visual target(More)
1. We studied the effects of midazolam (MDZ), a benzodiazepine, on spatio-temporal contrast sensitivity, choice reaction time, and mood visual analogue scales in healthy volunteers. 2. Eight extensively trained, healthy volunteers were included in a placebo-controlled cross-over double-blind trial of MDZ (0.15 mg kg-1). Treatments were injected(More)
1. This study investigated whether accurate perception of body rotation after passive horizontal whole-body rotations in the dark requires the integration of both vestibular and neck-body proprioceptive signals. 2. In the first experiment, the gain of the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) of normal subjects ("controls") and of a patient without proprioception of(More)
The role of arm proprioception in motor learning was investigated in experiments in which, by moving the arm, subjects followed the motion of a target displayed on a monitor screen. Adaptive capabilities were tested in visuomanual tracking tasks following alterations in the relationship between the observer's actual arm movement and visual feedback of the(More)
Human subjects tracked a visual target controlled either by a function generator (sine wave at different frequencies) or directly by the observer's arm. Gain and phase curves of the oculomotor response as a function of target frequency were determined. Data show that the upper frequency limit of smooth pursuit is higher when the target is driven by the(More)