J L Vayssière

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Programmed cell death serves as a major mechanism for the precise regulation of cell numbers and as a defense mechanism to remove unwanted and potentially dangerous cells. Despite the striking heterogeneity of cell death induction pathways, the execution of the death program is often associated with characteristic morphological and biochemical changes, and(More)
In a number of experimental systems in which lymphocyte depletion was induced by apoptosis-inducing manipulations, no apoptotic morphology and ladder-type DNA fragmentation were detected among freshly isolated peripheral lymphocytes ex vivo. Here we report that one alteration that can be detected among splenocytes stimulated with lymphocyte-depleting doses(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is involved in the removal of superfluous and damaged cells in most organ systems. The induction phase of PCD or apoptosis is characterized by an extreme heterogeneity of potential PCD-triggering signal transduction pathways. During the subsequent effector phase, the numerous PCD-inducing stimuli converge into a few stereotypical(More)
Rodent embryo cells immortalized with temperature-sensitive mutants of simian virus 40 large tumor (T) antigen have a proliferative potential that depends on temperature. At the restrictive temperature, heat-inactivation of large T antigen causes p53 release, growth arrest, and cell death. Morphological and molecular analysis indicate that the induced cell(More)
The tumour suppressor p53 plays a pivotal role in suppressing tumorigenesis by inducing cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. Cell cycle arrest is mediated by transcriptional induction of genes whose products inhibit cell cycle progression. Conversely, the molecular events that lead to p53-dependent apoptosis are less clear. Transcriptional activation is commonly(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides were found to be stable in the culture medium containing fetal calf serum (heat-inactivated 30 minutes at 65 degrees C) and in cells. Antisense oligomer treatment causes cessation of mitoses, but does not lead to morphological differentiation. Under antisense conditions, we have observed an increase in the amount of two(More)
Apoptosis, the process whereby cells activate an intrinsic death program, can be induced in HeLa cells by TNF-alpha treatment. The aims of the present study were (i) to examine the precise role and the origin of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in the TNF-alpha-induced programmed cell death, (ii) to characterize and order the morphological and mitochondrial(More)
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a progressive neuromuscular disease characterised by ophtalmoplegia, cardiac bloc branch, pigmentary retinopathy associated with abnormal mitochondrial function. We have studied the mitochondrial DNA organization of patients presenting KSS and have found large deletions ranging from 3 to 8.5 kilobase pairs. DNA molecules(More)
In order to analyse the relationships between regulation of apoptosis and homologous recombination (HR), we overexpressed proapoptotic Bax or only-BH3 Bid proteins or antiapoptotic Bcl-2 or Bcl-XL, in hamster CHO cells or in SV40-transformed human fibroblasts. We measured HR induced by γ-rays, UVC or a specific double-strand cleavage targeted in the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the first step in steroidogenesis in male and female gonads of fetal rats. Pregnenolone production was measured by radioimmunoassay in organ culture, conversion of [3H]cholesterol to [3H]pregnenolone was evaluated in isolated mitochondria and cytochrome P-450scc was revealed by immunoblotting and immunocytochemical(More)