J. L. Vannice

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Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is one of a small number of proteins with neurotrophic activities distinct from nerve growth factor (NGF). CNTF has now been purified and cloned and the primary structure of CNTF from rabbit sciatic nerve has been determined. Biologically active CNTF has been transiently expressed from a rabbit complementary DNA clone.(More)
To investigate the contribution of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF to the increased osteoclastogenesis induced by estrogen deficiency, ovariectomized (ovx) mice were treated with either IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), a competitive inhibitor of IL-1, TNF binding protein (TNFbp), an inhibitor of TNF, or the anti-IL-6 antibody (Ab) 20F3 for the first 2 wk after(More)
Considerable evidence supports the hypothesis that estrogen prevents bone loss by blocking the production of cytokines in bone or bone marrow. However, controversy remains on the role of candidate factors, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). As IL-1 and TNF have many additive and/or synergistic effects in bone, we tested the(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a cytokine produced by bone marrow cells and bone cells, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis because of its potent stimulatory effects on bone resorption in vitro and in vivo. To investigate whether IL-1 plays a direct causal role in post ovariectomy bone loss, 6-mo-old ovariectomized rats were(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a cytokine released during immune activation that mediates the host's response to infection and inflammation. Peripheral and central injections of IL-1 induce fever and sickness behavior, including decreased food motivation and reduced interest in social activities. To determine the receptor mechanisms responsible for these effects,(More)
Interleukin-1 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced in glomerulonephritis. Blocking the action of interleukin-1 by the administration of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) has been shown to prevent renal function impairment, reduce glomerular injury, inhibit leukocyte infiltration, and suppress tubulointerstitial damage in experimental(More)
Using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with a plasmid carrying the human beta-interferon gene, we find that inhibitors of protein synthesis, in the absence of any other inducer, stimulate the production of interferon RNA; this effect is maintained in cells in which the plasmid sequences have been amplified 25- to 50-fold. Nuclear transcription(More)
The genome of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) contains an enhancer element within a 360-base-pair transcribed region located between sequences encoding the virus surface and core antigens. Beyond the usual properties associated with enhancers (i.e., activity 5' or 3' of a heterologous promoter and relative orientation independence), DNA sequences encompassing(More)
Although numerous cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor, circulate in critically ill patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), none clearly predict the development of the syndrome. We hypothesized that cytokines, such as IL-1ra, IL-10, and IL-4, which modulate inflammation, might contribute to or(More)
The pathogenic role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) in the progression of established rat crescentic glomerulonephritis was investigated by administration of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Passive accelerated antiglomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease was induced in three groups of six rats. One group was killed on day 7 with no treatment. The(More)