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We investigated neurochemical abnormalities in the normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) on MRI of patients with optic neuritis (ON) and compared them to those of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients with ON (42) were classified into three groups according to abnormalities on brain MRI. Patients with MS (55) were divided in two groups: relapsing(More)
To assess the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on AIDS-associated cognitive impairment, 22 patients with AIDS with (n = 11) and without (n = 11) cognitive deficit were evaluated clinically and by MRS every 3 months for 9 months. Nineteen patients were on HAART at study entry, 21 after 2 months. Cognitively impaired patients presented(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the cortical response to visual stimulation in patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a prospective functional MRI study at 1.5 Testa in ten patients presenting with unilateral or bilateral ARMD and five age-matched controls. The visual stimulus was a sequence of resting phase(More)
UNLABELLED Ictal SPECT studies are increasingly used to localize seizure foci in children with refractory epilepsy, but few studies have reported on ictal-interictal subtraction images co-registered to MRI at this age. METHODS Twenty-seven children with partial epilepsy (aged 3 mo-18 y) underwent ictal ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT (20 mCi/1.73 m2)(More)
UNLABELLED PURPOSE AND MATERIALS: To evaluate the cortical response to visual stimulation in patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), we conducted a functional MRI study in ten patients presenting unilateral or bilateral ARMD and five age-matched controls, using white flashes during activation phases (see Part I). RESULTS After anatomical(More)
Using MRI, we demonstrated that the depiction of the cerebral white matter fiber tracts has become a routine procedure. Diffusion tensor (DT) sequences may be analyzed with combined volume analysis and tractography extraction software, giving indirect visualization of white matter connections. We obtained DT data from 20 subjects with normal MR imaging and(More)
The aim of this magnetic resonance imaging study was to find a geometrical characterization of the deeper part of the corpus callosum. Its shape was studied in 12 middle-aged persons free of white matter pathology. Profiles of curvatures were measured showing that this surface was close to a minimal one, especially at the genu and near the splenium. To(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of MRS in discriminating between relapsing remitting (RR) and secondary progressive (SP) MS. METHODS MRS at long and short echo times was carried out in 104 patients with MS stratified for clinical course (RR or SP), and the results were compared with those of 15 control subjects. Normal-appearing white matter (NAWM)(More)
MRI is the most powerful imaging technique in managing patients with suspected or confirmed multiple sclerosis (MS). However, conventional MRI variables show nonspecific abnormalities weakly correlated with clinical progression of the disease. New techniques, now routinely available, offer better characterisation of the pathophysiology. We combined(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows in vivo neurochemical exploration of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and normal appearing white matter on MRI. It gives insights into pathophysiology: inflammation (increase of choline), recent demyelination (increase in lipids and choline), axonal dysfunction (decrease of NAA), gliosis (increase of myoinositol). The(More)