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OBJECTIVES To evaluate in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) the occurrence of clinical systemic signs and biological autoimmune abnormalities, including positive titers of antinuclear antibodies and antiphospholipid antibodies, suggestive of autoimmune diseases that may affect the central nervous system. Also, to compare the clinical and magnetic(More)
UNLABELLED Ictal SPECT studies are increasingly used to localize seizure foci in children with refractory epilepsy, but few studies have reported on ictal-interictal subtraction images co-registered to MRI at this age. METHODS Twenty-seven children with partial epilepsy (aged 3 mo-18 y) underwent ictal ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT (20 mCi/1.73 m2)(More)
To assess the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on AIDS-associated cognitive impairment, 22 patients with AIDS with (n = 11) and without (n = 11) cognitive deficit were evaluated clinically and by MRS every 3 months for 9 months. Nineteen patients were on HAART at study entry, 21 after 2 months. Cognitively impaired patients presented(More)
PURPOSE Cytarabine (ara-C) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in patients with acute leukemia (AL), with a clear dose effect. Use of high-dose ara-C is hampered, however, by a noticeable toxicity, particularly to the CNS. We investigated the usefulness of CNS perfusion imaging with technetium-99m ((99m)Tc)-hexamethyl-propylene-amine oxime(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of MRS in discriminating between relapsing remitting (RR) and secondary progressive (SP) MS. METHODS MRS at long and short echo times was carried out in 104 patients with MS stratified for clinical course (RR or SP), and the results were compared with those of 15 control subjects. Normal-appearing white matter (NAWM)(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows in vivo neurochemical exploration of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and normal appearing white matter on MRI. It gives insights into pathophysiology: inflammation (increase of choline), recent demyelination (increase in lipids and choline), axonal dysfunction (decrease of NAA), gliosis (increase of myoinositol). The(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the changes in the results of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy occurring in the normal-appearing white matter of patients with adult adrenoleukodystrophy and to present evidence of a particular change that may serve as a marker for the follow-up of the disease. DESIGN Neurologic, magnetic resonance imaging, and localized(More)
We used a rapid long TE proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS) sequence in the normal appearing white matter of 11 patients with definite multiple sclerosis (MS) localizing the volume of interest in the centrum semi-ovale. The metabolic changes were compared to the same area in 11 normal brains. We found a significant decrease in NAA/Cr ratios and a(More)
Fifty six patients among whom 39 had white matter diseases had MRI of the brain comparing FLAIR sequence to a conventional proton density sequence. Flair sequence allowed to detect 18 additional hypersignal (HS) that were not present on T2 sequence. These HS were located in the periventricular areas for 5 of them, near the cortical sulci in 10, and in the(More)
We have analyzed with localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) 31 lesions in 28 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The course of the disease was either relapsing remitting, secondary progressive, or primary progressive. Four patients had an isolated neurological syndrome suggestive of MS. The decrease in the NAA/Cre ratio and the raise of(More)